1:1 And the a LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
The Argument - As God daily by most singular benefits declared himself mindful
of his Church: he did not want them to have opportunity to trust either in
themselves, or to depend on others, either for lack of physical things, or
anything that belonged to his divine service and religion. Therefore he
ordained various kinds of duties and sacrifices, to assure them of forgiveness
for their offences (if they offered them in true faith and obedience.) Also he
appointed the priests and levites, their apparel, offices, conversation and
portion; he showed what feasts they should observe, and when. Moreover, he
declares by these sacrifices and ceremonies that the reward of sin is death,
and that without the blood of Christ the innocent Lamb, there can be no
forgiveness of sins. Because they should not give priority to their own
inventions (which God detested, as appears by the terrible example of Nadab
and Abihu) he prescribed even to the least things, what they should do, what
beasts they should offer and eat, what diseases were contagious and to be
avoided, how they should purge all types of filthiness and pollution, whose
company they should flee, what marriages were lawful, and what customs were
profitable. After declaring these things, he promised favour and blessing to
those who keep his laws, and threatened his curse to those who transgressed
(a) By this Moses declares that he taught nothing
to the people but that which he received from God.
1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto
them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your
offering of the b cattle, [even] of the
herd, and of the flock.
(b) So they could offer of no other sort, but of
those who were commanded.
1:3 If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the
herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own
voluntary will at the door of the c
tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
(c) Meaning, within the court of the tabernacle.
1:5 And d
he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons,
shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the e
altar that [is by] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
(d) A priest of the Levites.
(e) Of the burnt offering, (Exodus
But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn
all on the altar, [to be] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a
sweet savour f unto the LORD.
(f) Or a savour of rest, which pacifies the anger
of the Lord.
And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward h
before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle his blood round
about upon the altar.
(g) Read (Leviticus
(h) Before the altar of the Lord.
And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and i
wring off his head, and burn [it] on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be
wrung out at the side of the altar:
(i) The Hebrew word signifies to pinch off with
1:16 And he shall pluck away his crop with his
feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the k
east part, by the place of the ashes:
(k) On the side of the court gate in the pans
which stood with ashes; (Exodus