22:1 Then a Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh,
(a) After that the Israelites enjoyed the land of
22:2 And said unto them, Ye have kept all that
Moses the servant of the LORD b
commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you:
(b) Which was to go armed before their brethren,
But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the
servant of the LORD charged you, to c
love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his
commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and
with all your soul.
(c) He shows where fulfilling the Law consists.
22:6 So Joshua d
blessed them, and sent them away: and they went unto their tents.
(d) He commended them to God, and prayed for
22:8 And he spake unto them,
saying, Return with much riches unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with
silver, and with gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very much
raiment: divide the spoil of your enemies with your e
(e) Who remained at home and did not go to the
31:27; 1 Samuel
22:10 And when they came
unto the borders of Jordan, that [are] in the land of Canaan, the children of
Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh built f
there an altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to.
(f) That is, beyond Jordan: for sometime the
whole country on both sides of Jordan is referred to as Canaan.
22:12 And when the children
of Israel heard [of it], the whole congregation of the children of Israel
gathered themselves together at Shiloh, to go up g
to war against them.
(g) Such was their zeal, that they would rather
lose their lives, that allow the true religion to be changed or corrupted.
Thus saith h the whole congregation of
the LORD, What trespass [is] this that ye have committed against the God of
Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded
you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD?
(h) Not only of the princes, but also of the
22:17 [Is] the iniquity of Peor too little for us,
from which we are not l cleansed until
this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD,
(l) Meaning, God is not fully pacified, in that
no punishment can be sufficient for such wickedness and idolatry.
22:19 Notwithstanding, if
the land of your possession [be] k
unclean, [then] pass ye over unto the land of the possession of the LORD,
wherein the LORD'S tabernacle dwelleth, and take possession among us: but l
rebel not against the LORD, nor rebel against us, in building you an altar
beside the altar of the LORD our God.
(k) In your judgment.
(l) To use any other service than God has
appointed is to rebel against God, (1 Samuel
22:20 Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a
trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of
Israel? and that man m perished not
alone in his iniquity.
(m) Signifying, that if many suffered for one
man's sin, for the fault of many, all should suffer.
That we have built us an altar to turn from following the LORD, or if to offer
thereon burnt offering or meat offering, or if to offer peace offerings thereon,
let the LORD n himself require [it];
(n) Let him punish us.
22:25 For the LORD hath
made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of
Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make our children o
cease from fearing the LORD.
(o) Or, to turn back from the true God.
Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should [so] say to us or to our p
generations in time to come, that we may say [again], Behold the pattern of the
altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for
sacrifices; but it [is] a witness between us and you.
(p) They signify a wonderful care that they bore
toward their posterity, that they might live in the true service of God.
And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and
to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive
that the LORD [is] q among us, because
ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have r
delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.
(q) By preserving and governing us.
(r) Whom if ye had offended; he would have
punished with you.