8:3 1 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
(1) While the wicked go about to make a snare for
good men, they make a snare for themselves.
2 So when they continued asking him, he
lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him
first cast a stone at her.
(2) Against hypocrites who are very severe judges
against other men, and flatter themselves while they are sinning.
When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her,
Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?
(3) Christ would not take upon himself the office
of the civil magistrate: he was content to bring sinners to faith and
Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that
followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
(4) The world, which is blind in itself, cannot
come to have any light but in Christ alone.
8:13 5 The
Pharisees therefore said unto him, a
Thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true.
(5) Christ is without all exception the best
witness of the truth, for he was sent by his Father for that purpose, and his
Father showed his approval of him to the world by infinite miracles.
(a) You bear witness of yourself, which is worth
nothing in the opinion of all men, and for a man to commend himself is very
8:14 Jesus answered and said unto them, b
Though I bear record of myself, [yet] my record is true: for I know whence I
came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
(b) That which he denied before in (John
5:31) must be understood as Christ granting their position in a way, for
in that place he talked of himself somewhat in line with the opinions of his
hearers, who acknowledged nothing in Christ but his humanity, and therefore he
was content they should not regard his own witness, unless it were otherwise
confirmed. But in this place he stands and affirms Godhead, and praises his
Father, who is his witness, and agrees with him.
8:15 Ye judge after the flesh; I c
judge no man.
(c) I am presently only teaching you, I condemn
no man: but yet if I want to do it, I might lawfully do it, for I am not
alone, but my Father is with me.
I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth
witness of me.
(d) The Godhead is plainly distinguished from the
manhood, or else there would not be two witnesses: for the accused party is
not taken as a witness.
8:19 6 Then
said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor
my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.
(6) No man can know God except in Christ alone.
8:20 These words spake Jesus in the e
treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; 7
for his hour was not yet come.
(e) This was a certain place appointed for the
gathering of the offerings. (7) We live and die
according to the pleasure of God, and not of men: therefore it behooves us
that we constantly go forward in our calling.
8:21 8 Then
said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in
your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come.
(8) Because men naturally abhor heavenly things,
no man can be a fit disciple of Christ unless the Spirit of God makes him so:
in the meantime nonetheless, the world must necessarily perish, because it
refuses the life that is offered unto it.
9 Then said they unto him, Who art thou?
And Jesus saith unto them, Even f [the
same] that I said unto you from the beginning.
(9) He will eventually know who Christ is who
will diligently hear what Christ says.
(f) That is, I am Christ, and the Saviour, for so
I told you from the beginning that I was.
8:26 10 I
have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true; and I
speak to the world those things which I have heard of him.
(10) God is the avenger of Christ's despised
They understood not that he spake to them of the Father.
(11) Even the contempt of Christ results in his
glory: and this thing his enemies will eventually feel to their great pain.
12 Then said Jesus to those Jews which
believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;
(12) The true disciples of Christ continue in his
doctrine, that profiting more and more in the knowledge of the truth they may
be delivered from the most grievous burden of sin, into the true liberty of
righteousness and life.
8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth
shall g make you free.
(g) From the slavery of sin.
8:33 h They
answered him, We be i Abraham's seed,
and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
(h) Some of the multitude, not they that
believed: for this is not the speech of men that agree with him, but of men
that are against him.
(i) Born and begotten of Abraham.
13 I know that ye are Abraham's seed;
but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.
(13) Our wicked manners declare that we are
obviously born of a wicked nature: but we are changed, and made part of the
household of God according to the covenant which he made with Abraham by
Christ alone, apprehended and laid hold on by faith: and this faith is known
by a godly and honest life.
Why do ye not understand my k speech?
[even] because ye cannot hear my word.
(k) Or, language: as though he said, "You do
not understand what I say any more than if I spoke in a strange and unknown
language to you."
8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the
lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the l
beginning, and m abode not in the n
truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of
his o own: for he is a liar, and the p
father of it.
(l) From the beginning of the world: for as soon
as man was made, the devil cast him headlong into death.
(m) That is, did not continue constantly, or did
(n) That is, in faithfulness and uprightness,
that is, he did not remain in the manner in which he was created.
(o) Even from his own head, and from his own mind
(p) The author of it.
Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe
(14) Christ thoroughly executed the office that
his Father gave him.
Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a
Samaritan, and hast a devil?
(15) The enemies of Christ act bravely for a
while, but the Father will appear in his time to avenge the reproach that is
done unto him in the person of his Son.
8:50 And I seek not mine own
glory: there is one q that seeketh and
(q) That is, that will avenge both your despising
of me and of him.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never r
(16) Only the doctrine of the gospel apprehended
by faith is a sure remedy against death.
(r) That is, he will not feel it: for even in the
midst of death the faithful see life.
Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is
dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never
taste of death.
(17) Against those who abuse the glory of the
saints to debase Christ's glory.
Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is s
nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God:
(18) There is no one further from seeking glory
than Christ, but his Father has set him above all things.
(s) In saying this Christ grants their opinion,
though not agreeing with it, as if he had said, "Be it so, let this
report which I give of myself be of no force; yet there is another that
glorifies me, that is, that honours my name."
8:55 19 Yet
ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I
shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.
(19) There is no right knowledge of God without
Christ, neither is there any right knowledge of Christ without his word.
Your father Abraham t rejoiced to see my
u day: and he x
saw [it], and was glad.
(20) The power of Christ showed itself through
all former ages in the fathers, for they saw in the promises that he would
come, and very joyfully laid hold of him with a living faith.
(t) Was very desirous.
(u) A day is a space that a man lives in, or does
any notable act in, or endures any great thing in.
(x) With the eyes of faith; (Hebrews
8:58 Jesus said unto them,
Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I y
(y) Christ, as he was God, was before Abraham:
and he was the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world.
Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of
the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
(21) Zeal without knowledge eventually breaks out
into a most open madness: and yet the wicked cannot do what they desire.