31:1 I made a covenant with mine a eyes; why then should I think upon b a maid?
(a) I kept my eyes from all wanton looks.
(b) Would not God then have punished me?
31:3 [Is] not destruction to
the wicked? and a strange [punishment] to c
the workers of iniquity?
(c) Job declares that the fear of God was a
bridle to stay him from all wickedness.
Let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine d
(d) He shows what his uprightness stands in, in
as much as he was blameless before men and did not sin against the second
31:7 If my step hath turned out of the way, and
mine heart e walked after mine eyes, and
if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands;
(e) That is, has accomplished the lust of my
31:8 [Then] let me sow, and let another f
eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out.
(f) According to the curse of the law, (Deuteronomy
31:10 [Then] let my wife g
grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.
(g) Let her be made a slave.
31:12 For it [is] a fire
[that] consumeth h to destruction, and
would root out all mine increase.
(h) He shows that although man neglects the
punishment of adultery, yet the wrath of God will never cease till such are
31:13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant
or of my maidservant, when they i
contended with me;
(i) When they thought themselves evil intreated
31:14 What then shall I do when k
God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?
(k) If I had oppressed others, how would I have
escaped God's judgment.
31:15 Did not he that made me in the womb make l
him? and did not one fashion us in the womb?
(l) He was moved to show pity to servants,
because they were God's creatures as he was.
31:16 If I have withheld the poor from [their]
desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow m
(m) By long waiting for her request.
31:18 (For from my youth he
was brought up with me, n as [with] a
father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)
(n) He nourished the fatherless, and maintained
the widows cause.
If I have lifted o up my hand against
the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
(o) To oppress him and to do him harm.
31:22 [Then] let mine p
arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.
(p) Let me rot in pieces.
31:23 For destruction [from] God [was] a q
terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.
(q) I did not refrain from sin for fear of men,
but because I feared God.
If I beheld the r sun when it shined, or
the moon walking [in] brightness;
(r) If I was proud of my worldly prosperity and
happiness, which is meant by the shining of the sun, and brightness of the
31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or
my mouth hath kissed my s hand:
(s) If my own doings delighted me.
31:28 This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished
by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] t
(t) By putting confidence in anything but in him
If the men of my u tabernacle said not,
Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.
(u) My servants moved me to be avenged of my
enemy, yet I never wished him harm.
31:33 If I covered x
my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:
(x) Not confessed it freely, by which it is
evident that he justified himself before men, and not before God.
31:34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the
contempt of families y terrify me, that
I kept z silence, [and] went not out of
(y) That is, I reverenced the most weak and
contemned and was afraid to offend them.
(z) I suffered them to speak evil of me, and went
not out of my house to avenge it.
31:35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my a
desire [is, that] the Almighty would answer me, and [that] mine adversary had
written a book.
(a) This is a sufficient token of my
righteousness, that God is my witness and will justify my cause.
31:36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder,
[and] bind it [as] a b crown to me.
(b) Should not this book of his accusations be a
praise and commendation to me?
31:37 I would declare unto him the number of my
steps; as a c prince would I go near
(c) I will make him account of all my life,
31:38 If my land d
cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;
(d) As though I had withheld their wages that
laboured in it.
31:39 If I have eaten the fruits thereof without
money, or have caused e the owners
thereof to lose their life:
(e) Meaning, that he was not a briber or
31:40 Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and
cockle instead of barley. The f words of
Job are ended.
(f) That is, the talk which he had with his three