45:1 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to a Cyrus, whose b right hand I have held, to c subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
(a) To assure the Jews of their deliverance
against the great temptations that they would abide, he names the person and
(b) Because Cyrus would execute the office of a
deliverer, God called him his anointed for a time, but after another sort than
he called David.
(c) To guide him in the deliverance of my people.
45:2 I will go before thee, and make the d
crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut
asunder the bars of iron:
(d) I will take away all impediments and
45:3 And I will give thee the treasures of
darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest e
know that I, the LORD, who call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God of Israel.
(e) Not that Cyrus knew God to worship him
correctly, but he had a certain particular knowledge as profane men may have
of his power, and so was compelled to deliver God's people.
45:4 For Jacob my servant's f
sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed
thee, though thou hast not known me.
(f) Not for anything that is in you, or for your
45:5 I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else,
[there is] no God besides me: I g girded
thee, though thou hast not known me:
(g) I have given you strength, power and
45:7 I form the h
light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all
(h) I send peace and war, prosperity and
adversity, as in (Amos
45:8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the
skies pour down i righteousness: let the
earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up
together; I the LORD have k created it.
(i) He comforts the Jews as if he would say,
"Though when you look to the heavens and earth for comfort you see
nothing now but signs of God's wrath, yet will cause them to bring forth
certain tokens of your deliverance, and of the performance of my
promise": which is meant by righteousness.
(k) I have appointed Cyrus to this use and
45:9 l Woe
to him that contendeth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [contend] with the
potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What
makest thou? or thy work, m He hath no
(l) By this he bridles their impatience, who in
adversity and trouble murmur against God, and will not tarry his pleasure:
willing that man would match with his like, and not contend against God.
(m) That is, it is not perfectly made.
45:11 Thus saith the LORD,
the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me n
of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands
command ye me.
(n) Instead of murmuring, humble yourselves and
ask what you will for the consolation of my children, and you will be sure of
it as you are of these things which are at your command. Some read it with an
interrogation, and make it the application of the comparison.
45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon
it: I, [even] my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their o
host have I commanded.
(o) That is, the stars.
45:13 I have raised p
him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city,
and he shall let go my captives, not for q
price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
(p) That is, Cyrus, that I may show by him the
faithfulness of my promise in delivering my people.
(q) Meaning, freely and without ransom, or any
45:14 Thus saith the LORD, The labour r
of Egypt, and merchandise of Cush and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come
over to thee, and they shall be s thine:
they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall
down to thee, they shall make supplication to thee, [saying], Surely God [is] in
thee; and [there is] none else, [there is] no God.
(r) These people were tributaries to the
Persians, and so king Artahshashte gave this money toward the building of the
(s) While they were your enemies, they will now
honour you and you will rule them: which was accomplished in the time of
45:15 Verily thou [art] a God that t
hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
(t) By this he exhorts the Jews to patience,
though their deliverance is deferred for a time: showing that they would not
repent their long patience, but the wicked and idolaters will be destroyed.
For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the
earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed
it to be u inhabited: I [am] the LORD;
and [there is] none else.
(u) That is, of men, but chiefly of his Church.
45:19 I have not spoken in secret, x
in a dark place of the earth: I have not said to the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me
in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
(x) As do the false gods, who give uncertain
45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near
together, y ye [that have] escaped of
the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image,
and pray to a god [that] cannot save.
(y) All you idolaters who though you seem to have
worldly dignity yet in God's sight you are vile and abject.
45:22 Look to me, and be ye
saved, all z the ends of the earth: for
I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
(z) He calls the idolaters to repentance, willing
them to look on him with the eye of faith.
45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out
of my mouth [in] a righteousness, and
shall not return, That to me every b
knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
(a) That is, that the thing which I have promise
will be faithfully performed.
(b) The knowledge of God and the true worshipping
will be through all the world, (Romans
by which he signifies that we must not only serve God in heart, but declare
the same also by outward profession.
45:24 Surely, c
shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him
shall [men] come; and all that are d
incensed against him shall be ashamed.
(c) Meaning the faithful will feel and confess
(d) All the contemners of God.