29:1 Woe to a Ariel, to Ariel, the city [where] David dwelt! add ye year to year; b let them kill sacrifices.
(a) Or Ariel: the Hebrew word Ariel signifies the
Lion of God, and signifies the Altar, because the altar seemed to devour the
sacrifice that was offered to God, as in (Ezekiel
(b) Your vain confidence in your sacrifices will
not last long.
29:2 Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be
heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be to me c
(c) Your city will be full of blood as an altar
on which they sacrifice.
29:4 And thou shalt be
brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the d
ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be,
like a medium, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
(d) Your speech will be no longer be so lofty but
abased and low as the very charmers who are in low places and whisper, so that
their voice can scarcely by heard.
29:5 Moreover the multitude of thy e
strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones
[shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.
(e) Your hired soldiers in whom you trusted, will
be destroyed as dust or chaff in a whirlwind.
29:7 And the f
multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight
against her and her strong hold, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a
(f) The enemies that I will bring to destroy you,
and that which you place your vain trust in will come at unawares even as a
dream in the night. Some read as if this was a comfort to the Church for the
destruction of their enemies.
29:8 It shall even be as when an hungry [man]
dreameth, and, behold, g he eateth; but
he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and,
behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, [he is] faint, and his soul
hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against
(g) That is, he thinks that he eats.
29:9 h Stay
yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunk, but not with wine;
they stagger, but not with strong drink.
(h) Muse on this a long as ye like, yet you will
find nothing but opportunity to be astonished for your prophets are blind, and
therefore cannot direct you.
29:11 And the vision of all
is become to you as the words of a book that is sealed, which [men] deliver to
one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I i
cannot; for it [is] sealed:
(i) Meaning, that it is all alike, either to
read, or not to read, unless God open the heart to understand.
29:13 Wherefore the Lord
said, Forasmuch as this people k draw
near [me] with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed
their heart far from me, and their l
fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:
(k) Because they are hypocrites and not sincere
in heart, as in (Matthew
(l) That is, their religion was learned by
man's doctrine, and not by my word.
29:14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a
marvellous work among this people, [even] an wonderful work and a wonder: for
the wisdom of their wise [men] shall m
perish, and the understanding of their prudent [men] shall be hid.
(m) Meaning, where God is not worshipped
according to his word, both magistrates and ministers are fools and without
29:15 Woe to them that n
seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark,
and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?
(n) This is spoken of them who in heart despised
God's word, and mocked at the admonitions but outwardly bore a good face.
29:16 Surely your turning of things upside down
shall be esteemed o as the potter's
clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the
thing formed say of him that formed it, He had no understanding?
(o) For all your craft says the Lord, you are not
able to escape my hands any more than the clay that is in the potter's hands
has power to deliver itself.
29:17 [Is] it not yet a very little while, and
Lebanon shall be p turned into a
fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?
(p) Will there not be a change of all things?
Carmel is a plentiful place in respect to what it will be then and may be
taken for a forest, as in (Isaiah
32:15) and thus he speaks to comfort the faithful.
That make a man an offender for a q
word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the
just for a thing of nothing.
(q) They who went about to find fault with the
prophets words, and would not abide admonitions, but would entangle them and
bring them into danger.
They also that erred in spirit r shall
come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.
(r) Signifying that unless God gives
understanding and knowledge, man cannot but still err and murmur against him.