19:1 The a burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD b rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
(a) Read (Isaiah
(b) Because the Egyptians trusted in the defence
of their country, in the multitude of their idols and in the valiantness of
their men the Lord shows that he will come over all their munitions in a swift
cloud, and that their idols will tremble at his coming and that men's hearts
19:2 And I will set the Egyptians against the
Egyptians: and they shall c fight every
one against his brother, and every one against his neighbour; city against city,
[and] kingdom against kingdom.
(c) As he caused the Ammonites, Moabites and
Idumeans to kill one another, when they came to destroy the Church of God, (2 Chronicles
19:3 And the d
spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst of her; and I will destroy her counsel:
and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to the mediums, and
to the wizards.
(d) Meaning, their policy and wisdom.
19:5 And the waters shall e
fail from the sea, and the rivers shall be wasted and dried up.
(e) He shows that the sea and their great river
Nile by which they thought themselves most sure, would not be able to defend
them but that he would send the Assyrians among them, that would keep them
under as slaves.
19:6 And they shall turn the f
rivers far away; [and] the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: the
reeds and flags shall wither.
(f) For the Nile ran into the sea by seven
streams, as though they were many rivers.
19:7 The paper reeds by the brooks, by the g
mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither, be driven
away, and be no [more].
(g) The Hebrew word is mouth, by which they mean
the spring out of which the water gushes as out of a mouth.
19:8 The fishermen also shall h
mourn, and all they that cast hook into the brooks shall lament, and they that
spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
(h) The Scriptures describe the destruction of a
country by the taking away of the conveniences of it, as by vines, flesh, fish
and such other things by which countries are enriched.
Surely the princes of i Zoan [are]
fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become senseless: how
say ye to Pharaoh, I k [am] the son of
the wise, the son of ancient kings?
(i) Called also Tanes, a famous city on the Nile.
(k) He notes the flatterers of Pharaoh: who
persuaded the king that he was wise and noble, and that his house was ancient
and so he flatters himself, saying I am wise.
19:13 The princes of Zoan
are become fools, the princes of l Noph
are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, [even they that are] the m
support of its tribes.
(l) Or Memphis, Alexandria, and now called the
(m) The principal upholders of it are the main
cause of their destruction.
19:14 The LORD hath mingled a n
perverse spirit in the midst of it: and they have caused Egypt to err in every
work of it, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.
(n) For the spirit of wisdom he has made them
drunken and giddy with the spirit of error.
19:15 Neither shall there be [any] work for Egypt,
which the head or tail, branch or rush, may o
(o) Neither the great or the small, the strong or
19:17 And the land of Judah
shall be a terror p to Egypt, every one
that maketh mention of it shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of
the LORD of hosts, which he hath determined against it.
(p) Considering that through their opportunity
the Jews did not make God their defence but put their trust in them, and were
therefore now punished, they will fear least the same light on them.
19:18 In that day shall five cities in the land of
Egypt q speak the language of Canaan,
and r swear to the LORD of hosts; one
shall be called, The city of s
(q) Will make one confession of faith with the
people of God, by the speech of Canaan, meaning the language in which God was
(r) Will renounce their superstitions and protest
to serve God correctly.
(s) Meaning of six cities, five would serve God,
and the sixth would remain in their wickedness: and so there would be but one
19:19 In that day shall there be an altar to the
LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and t
a pillar at its border to the LORD.
(t) There will be evident signs and tokens, that
God's religion is there: which manner of speech is taken of the patriarchs
and ancient time, when God has not as yet appointed the place, and full manner
how he would be worshipped.
19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness
to the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry to the LORD
because of the oppressors, and he shall send them u
a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.
(u) This declares that this prophecy would be
accomplished in the time of Christ.
19:21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and
the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do x
sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow to the LORD, and perform [it].
(x) By these ceremonies he comprehends the
spiritual service under Christ.
19:23 In that day shall
there be a highway from y Egypt to
Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria,
and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.
(y) By these two nations, which were then chief
enemies of the Church, he shows that the Gentiles and the Jews would be joined
together in one faith and religion, and would all be one fold under Christ