10:1 Israel [is] an a empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the b goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
(a) Of which though the grapes were gathered, yet
always as it gathered new strength it increased in new wickedness, so that the
correction which should have brought them to obedience, only proclaimed their
(b) As they were rich and had abundance.
10:2 Their heart is c
divided; now shall they be found faulty: he shall break down their altars, he
shall spoil their images.
(c) That is, from God, by serving their false
10:3 For now they shall say, We have no d
king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?
(d) The day will come that God will take away
their king, and then they will feel the fruit of their sins, and how they
trusted in him in vain; (2 Kings
10:4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in
making e a covenant: thus f
judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.
(e) In promising to be faithful toward God.
(f) In this way their integrity and fidelity
which they pretended, was nothing but bitterness and grief.
10:5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall g
fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over
it, and the h priests thereof [that]
rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
(g) When the calf will be carried away.
(h) These were certain idolatrous priests, who
wore black apparel during their sacrifices, and cried with a loud voice: which
superstition Elijah derided, (1 Kings
18:27). See 2 Kings
high places also of i Aven, the sin of
Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their
altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on
(i) This he speaks in contempt of Bethel. See Geneva
10:9 O Israel, thou hast k
sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they l
stood: the battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not m
(k) In those days you were as wicked as the
Gibeonites, as God there partly declared: for your zeal could not be good in
executing God's judgments, seeing your own deeds were as wicked as theirs.
(l) That is, to fight, or, the Israelites
remained in that stubbornness from that time.
(m) The Israelites were not moved by the example
of the Gibeonites to cease from their sins.
10:10 [It is] in my desire n
that I should chastise them; and the people shall be gathered against them, when
they shall bind themselves in their two o
(n) Because they are so desperate, I will delight
to destroy them.
(o) That is, when they have gathered all their
10:11 And Ephraim [is as] an heifer [that is]
taught, [and] loveth to p tread out [the
corn]; but I passed over upon her q fair
neck: I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plow, [and] Jacob shall break his
(p) In which is pleasure, whereas in plowing
there is labour and pain.
(q) I will lay my yoke upon her fat neck.
10:12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in
mercy; r break up your fallow ground:
for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
(r) See Geneva
10:14 Therefore shall a
tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as s
Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces
upon [her] children.
(s) That is, Shalmaneser in the destruction of
that city spared neither type nor age.