3:1 Wherefore, 1 holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the a Apostle and High Priest of our b profession, Christ Jesus;
(1) Having laid the foundation that is to say,
declared and proved both the natures of one Christ, he gives him three
offices, that is, the office of a Prophet, King and Priest, and concerning the
office of teaching, and governing, compares him with Moses and Joshua from (Hebrews
3:1-4:14), and with Aaron concerning the priesthood. He proposes that
which he intends to speak of, with a grave exhortation, that all our faith may
be directed towards Christ, as the only everlasting teacher, governor, and
(a) The ambassador or messenger, as in (Romans
15:8) he is called the minister of circumcision.
(b) Of the doctrine of the gospel which we
3:2 2 Who
was faithful to him that c appointed
him, 3 as also Moses [was faithful] in
all his house.
(2) He confirms his exhortation with two reasons,
first of all because Christ Jesus was appointed as such by God: secondly,
because he thoroughly executed the offices that his Father commanded him.
(c) Apostle and High Priest. (3)
Now he comes to the comparison with Moses, and he makes them like one another
other in this, that they were both appointed rulers over God's house, and
executed faithfully their office: but he later shows that there is great
dissimilarity in the same comparison.
3:3 4 For
this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath
builded the house hath more honour than the house.
(4) The first comparison: The builder of the
house is better than the house itself, therefore Christ is better than Moses.
The reason for the conclusion is this: because the builder of the house is
God, which cannot be attributed to Moses; and therefore Moses was not the
builder, but a part of the house: but Christ as Lord and God, made the house.
3:5 And 5
Moses verily [was] faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of
those things which were to be spoken after;
(5) Another comparison: Moses was a faithful
servant in this house, that is, in the Church, serving the Lord that was to
come, but Christ rules and governs his house as Lord.
3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; 6
whose d house are we, if we hold fast
the e confidence and the rejoicing of
the hope firm unto the end.
(6) He applies the former doctrine to his
purpose, exhorting all men by the words of David to hear the Son speak, and to
give full credit to his words, seeing that otherwise they cannot enter into
that eternal rest.
(d) That is, Christ's.
(e) He calls confidence the excellent effect of
faith (by which we cry Abba, that is, Father), and to confidence he adds hope.
3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye
f will hear his voice,
(f) So that God was to speak once again after
3:8 Harden not your hearts, as in the g
provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
(g) In the day that they troubled the Lord, or
struggled with him.
3:10 Wherefore I was grieved
with that generation, and said, They do alway h
err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
(h) They are brutish and angry.
Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in
departing from the living God.
(7) Now consider in the words of David, he shows
first by this word "today" that we must not ignore the opportunity
while we have it: for that word is not to be limited to David's time, but it
encompasses all the time in which God calls us.
3:13 But exhort one another daily, i
while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness
(i) While today lasts, that is to say, so long as
the gospel is offered to us.
3:14 8 For
we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the k
beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
(8) Now he considers these words, "If you
hear his voice" showing that they are spoken and meant of the hearing of
faith, opposite which he places hardening through unbelief.
(k) That beginning of trust and confidence: in
the speech of the Hebrews, he calls "beginning" that which is
While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as
in the provocation.
(l) So long as this voice sounds out.