18:2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three a men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,
(a) That is, three angels in the shape of men.
18:3 And said, My b
Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from
(b) Speaking to the one who appeared to be most
majestic, for he thought they were men.
18:4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and
c wash your feet, and rest yourselves
under the tree:
(c) For men used to go bare footed in those parts
because of the heat.
18:5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort
ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye d
come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.
(d) As sent by God that I should do my duty to
he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set [it] before
them; and he stood by them under the tree, and e
they did eat.
(e) For as God gave them bodies for a time, so he
gave them the abilities of them, to walk, to eat and drink, and such like.
18:10 And he said, I will
certainly return unto thee according to the time of f
life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard [it] in the tent
door, which [was] behind him.
(f) That is, about this time when she shall be
alive, or when the child shall come into this life.
18:12 Therefore Sarah g
laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my
lord being old also?
(g) For she believed the order of nature, rather
than believing the promise of God.
And the h LORD said, Shall I hide from
Abraham that thing which I do;
(h) Jehovah the Hebrew word we call Lord, shows
that this angel was Christ: for this word is only applied to God.
18:19 For I know him, i
that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall
keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring
upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
(i) He shows that fathers ought both to know
God's judgments, and to declare them to their children.
18:21 I will k
go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the l
cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.
(k) God speaks after the fashion of men: that is,
I will enter into judgment with good advise.
(l) For our sins cry for vengeance, though no one
And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom m
fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their
(m) God declares that his judgments were done
with great mercy, even though all were so corrupt that not only fifty but ten
righteous men could not be found there, and also that the wicked are spared
for the sake of the righteous.
18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I
have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which [am n
but] dust and ashes:
(n) By this we learn, that the nearer we approach
to God, the more our miserable estate appears, and the more we are humbled.
And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this o
once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy
[it] for ten's sake.
(o) If God did not refuse the prayer for the
wicked Sodomites, even to the sixth request, how much more will he grant the
prayers of the godly for the afflicted Church?