Exodus 30 Bible Commentary

The Geneva Study Bible

(Read all of Exodus 30)
30:1 And thou shalt make an altar a to burn incense upon: [of] shittim wood shalt thou make it.

(a) Upon which the sweet perfume was burnt, (Exodus 30:34).

30:2 A cubit [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits [shall be] the height thereof: the horns thereof [shall be] b of the same.

(b) Of the same wood and matter.

30:6 And thou shalt put it c before the vail that [is] by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that [is] over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.

(c) That is, in the sanctuary, and not in the holiest of all.

30:7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he d dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.

(d) Meaning, when he trims them, and refreshes the oil.

30:9 Ye shall offer no e strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering f thereon.

(e) Otherwise made them this, which is described.
(f) But it must only serve to burn perfume.

30:12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man g a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when [thou] numberest them.

(g) By which he testified that he redeemed his life which he had forfeit, as is declared by David, (2 Samuel 24:1).

30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the h shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel [is] twenty gerahs:) an half shekel [shall be] the offering of the LORD.

(h) This shekel was worth two common shekels: and the gerah about 12 pence at a rate of five shillings sterling to an ounce of silver.

30:15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when [they] give an offering unto the LORD, i to make an atonement for your souls.

(i) That God should be merciful to you.

30:19 For Aaron and his sons shall k wash their hands and their feet thereat:

(k) Signifying that he that comes to God must be washed from all sin and corruption.

30:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute l for ever to them, [even] to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

(l) So long as the priesthood shall last.

30:23 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred m [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet n calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],

(m) Weighing so much.
(n) It is a type of reed with a very sweet savour within, and it is used in powders and odours.

30:26 And thou shalt anoint the o tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,

(o) All things which belong to the tabernacle.

30:32 Upon p man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make [any other] like it, after the composition of it: it [is] holy, [and] it shall be holy unto you.

(p) Neither at their burials nor otherwise.

30:33 Whosoever compoundeth [any] like it, or whosoever putteth [any] of it upon q a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.

(q) Either a stranger or an Israelite, save only the priests.

30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and r onycha, and galbanum; [these] sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like [weight]:

(r) In Hebrew, Sheheleth: which is a sweet kind of gum and shines as the nail.