12:2 This a month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first b month of the year to you.
(a) Called Nisan, containing part of March and
part of April.
(b) Concerning the observation of feasts: as for
other policies, they reckoned from September.
12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel,
saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a
lamb, according to the house of [their] c
fathers, a lamb for an house:
(c) As the fathers of the household had great or
12:4 And if the household be too little for the
lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take [it] according to the
number of the souls; every man according to his d
eating shall make your count for the lamb.
(d) He will take as many as are needed to eat the
12:6 And ye shall keep it up
until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the e
whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
(e) Every one his house.
not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast [with] fire; his f
head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.
(f) That is, all that may be eaten.
12:11 And thus shall ye eat
it; [with] your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your
hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: g it
[is] the LORD'S passover.
(g) The lamb was not the Passover, but signified
it, as ordinances are not the thing itself which they represent, but rather
they signify it.
And this day shall be unto you for a h
memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations;
ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance i
(h) Of the benefits received for your
(i) That is, until Christ's coming: for then
ceremonies will end.
In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at k
even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the
month at even.
(k) For in ancient times they counted in this
way, beginning the day at sunset till the next day at the same time.
For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the
blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the
door, and will not suffer the l
destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite [you].
(l) The angel sent by God to kill the first born.
12:25 And it shall come to
pass, when ye be come to the m land
which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep
(m) The land of Canaan.
12:27 That ye shall say, It
[is] the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the
children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our
houses. And the people n bowed the head
(n) They gave God thanks for so great a benefit.
And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the
Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for [there was] o
not a house where [there was] not one dead.
(o) Of these houses, in which any first born
lived, either of men of beasts.
12:32 Also take your flocks
and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and p
bless me also.
(p) Pray for me.
And the children of Israel journeyed from q
Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside
(q) Which was a city in Goshen; (Genesis
12:38 And r
a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, [even] very
(r) Which were strangers, and not born from the
And it came to pass at the end of the s
four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all
the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
(s) From Abraham's departing from Ur in Chaldea
to the departing of the children of Israel from Egypt are 430 years.
12:43 And the LORD said unto
Moses and Aaron, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: t
There shall no stranger eat thereof:
(t) Unless he is circumcised, and professes your
One u law shall be to him that is
homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.
(u) They that are of the household of God, must
be all joined in one faith and religion.