3:2 And all the king's servants, that [were] in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai a bowed not, nor did [him] reverence.
(a) The Persians custom was to kneel down and
reverence their kings, and such as he anointed in chief authority, which
Mordecai would not do to this ambitious and proud man.
3:4 Now it came to pass, when
they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they b
told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told
them that he [was] a Jew.
(b) Thus we see that there is no one so wicked
but they have their flatterers to accuse the godly.
3:7 In the
first month, that [is], the month c
Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that [is], the lot,
d before Haman from day to day, and from
month to month, [to] the twelfth [month], that [is], the month e
(c) Which contains part of March and part of
(d) To know what month and day would be good to
attempt this thing, that it might be successful: but God disappointed their
lots and expectations.
(e) Containing part of February and part of
3:8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a
certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the
provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither
keep they the f king's laws: therefore
it [is] not for the king's profit to suffer them.
(f) These are the two arguments which commonly
the worldlings and the wicked use toward princes against the godly, that is,
the contempt of their laws and diminishing of their profit without concern as
to whether God is pleased or displeased.
The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree
was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but
the g city Shushan was perplexed.
(g) That is, the Jews that were in Shushan.