33:1 And this [is] the a blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
(a) This blessing contains not only a simple
prayer, but an assurance of the effect of it.
33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose
up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten b
thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.
(b) Meaning, infinite angels.
33:3 Yea, he loved the people; c
all his saints [are] in thy hand: and they sat down at d
thy feet; [every one] shall receive of thy words.
(c) Hebrew, his saints, that is, the children of
(d) As thy disciples.
33:4 Moses commanded us a law, [even] the e
inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.
(e) To us and our successors.
33:6 Let f
Reuben live, and not die; and let [not] his men be few.
(f) Reuben will be one of the tribes of God's
people, though for his sin his honour is diminished, and his family but small.
33:7 And this [is the blessing] of Judah: and he
said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his
hands be g sufficient for him; and be
thou an help [to him] from his enemies.
(g) Signifying, that he would barely obtain
Jacob's promise, (Genesis
33:9 Who said unto his father
and to his mother, h I have not seen
him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for
they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
(h) He preferred God's glory to all natural
33:11 Bless, LORD, his
substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite i
through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that
they rise not again.
(i) He declares that the ministers of God have
many enemies, and therefore need to be prayed for.
33:12 [And] of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the
LORD shall k dwell in safety by him;
[and the LORD] shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his
(k) Because the temple would be built in Zion,
which was in the tribe of Benjamin, he shows that God would dwell with him
And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and [for] the good
will of him that dwelt in the l bush:
let [the blessing] come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of
him [that was] separated from his brethren.
(l) Which was God appearing to Moses, (Exodus
33:18 And of Zebulun he said,
Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy m going out;
and, Issachar, in thy tents.
(m) In thy prosperous voyages on the sea, (Genesis
33:19 They shall call the people unto the mountain;
there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness: for n
they shall suck [of] the abundance of the seas, and [of] treasures hid in the
(n) The tribe of Zebulun.
33:21 And he provided the
first part for himself, because there, [in] a portion of the o
lawgiver, [was he] seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed
the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel.
(o) So the portion of the Gadites, and others on
this side of the Jordan was God's, though it was not so known.
33:23 And of Naphtali he
said, O Naphtali, satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing of the LORD:
possess thou p the west and the south.
(p) Meaning, near the sea.
33:25 Thy shoes [shall be] q
iron and brass; and as thy days, [so shall] thy strength [be].
(q) You will be strong or, your country full of
metal. It seems that Simeon is left out, because he was under Judah, and his
portion of his inheritance, (Joshua
Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: r
the fountain of Jacob [shall be] upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens
shall drop down dew.
(r) Who was plentiful in issue as a fountain.
33:29 Happy [art] thou, O Israel: who [is] like
unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and who [is] the
sword of thy excellency! and s thine
enemies shall be found liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high
(s) Your enemies for fear shall lie and pretend
to be in subjection.