17:2 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, a but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.
(a) Though he invented no new idolatry or impiety
as others did, yet he sought help from the Egyptians, whom God had forbidden.
17:4 And the king of
Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of
Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, b
as [he had done] year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and
bound him in prison.
(b) For he had paid tribute for eight years.
17:6 In the ninth
year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into
Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in
the cities of the c Medes.
(c) For at this time the Medes and Persians were
subject to the Assyrians.
17:7 For [so] it was, that the children of
Israel had d sinned against the LORD
their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the
hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,
(d) He sets forth at length the cause of this
great plague and perpetual captivity, to admonish all people, and nations to
cleave to the Lord God, and worship only him for fear of similar judgment.
17:9 And the children
of Israel did secretly [those] things that [were] not right against the LORD
their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower e
of the watchmen to the fenced city.
(e) Meaning, throughout all their borders.
Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck
of their f fathers, that did not believe
in the LORD their God.
(f) So that to allege the authority of our
fathers or great antiquity, except we can prove that they were godly, is but
to declare that we are the children of the wicked.
17:16 And they left
all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even]
two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the g
host of heaven, and served Baal.
(g) That is, the sun, moon and stars, (Deuteronomy
17:17 And they caused their sons and their
daughters to h pass through the fire,
and used divination and enchantments, and i
sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
(h) Read (2 Kings
(i) Read of this phrase in (1 Kings
17:18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with
Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of
Judah k only.
(k) No whole tribe was left but Judah, and they
of Benjamin and Levi who remained were counted with Judah.
17:20 And the LORD
rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the
hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his l
(l) Out of the land where he showed the greatest
tokens of his presence and favour.
For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of
Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin
a great sin.
(m) That is, God cut off the ten tribes, (1 Kings
And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from n
Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in
the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed
Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
(n) Of these people came the Samaritans, of which
mention is so often made in the gospel, and with whom the Jews would have
nothing to do, (John
17:25 And [so] it was at the beginning of their
dwelling there, [that] they o feared not
the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew [some] of them.
(o) That is, they served him not: therefore, lest
they should blaspheme him, as though there were no God, because he chastised
the Israelites, he shows his mighty power among them by this strange
17:27 Then the king
of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought
from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner
of the God p of the land.
(p) That is, how to worship him: thus the wicked
rather than losing their conveniences will change to all religions.
And the men of Babylon made q
Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made
(q) Meaning that every country served the idol
that was most esteemed in the place to which they came.
They r feared the LORD, and served their
own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away from thence.
(r) That is, they had a certain knowledge of God,
and feared him because of the punishment, but they continued to be idolaters
as do the papists who worship both God and idols: but this is not to fear God,
as appears in (2 Kings
17:34 Unto this day they do after the former
manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after s
their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment
which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel;
(s) He means by this the Israelites to whom God
had given his commandments.
So these t nations feared the LORD, and
served their graven images, both their children, and their children's
children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
(t) That is, these strangers who were sent into
Samaria by the Assyrians.