5:1 But 1 of the times and the a seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.
(1) The day that God has appointed for this
judgment we do not know. But this is sure, that it will come upon men when
they are not expecting it.
(a) See (Acts
2 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness,
that that day should overtake you as a thief.
(2) Returning to exhortations, he warns us who
are enlightened with the knowledge of God, that it is our duty not to live
securely in pleasures, lest we be suddenly taken in a dead sleep in pleasures.
But contrary to this we are to have an eye to the Lord, and not allow
ourselves to be oppressed with the cares of this world, for pleasures are
fitting for the darkness of the night, and having an eye to the Lord is
fitting for the light.
3 But let us, who are of the day, be
sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope
(3) We must fight with faith and hope, and
therefore we should certainly not lie snoring.
For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord
(4) He urges us forward by setting a most certain
hope of victory before us.
Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with
(5) The death of Christ is a pledge of our
victory, for he died so that we might be partakers of his life of power,
indeed even while we live here.
Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye
(6) We must not only watch ourselves, but we are
also bound to stir up, and to strengthen and encourage one another.
And we beseech you, brethren, to b know
them which labour among you, and are over you in the c
Lord, and admonish you;
(7) We must have consideration of those who are
appointed to the ministry of the word, and the government of the church of
God, and who do their duty.
(b) That you acknowledge and take them for such
as they are, that is to say, men worthy to be greatly esteemed of among you.
(c) In those things which pertain to God's
service: so is the ecclesiastical function distinguished from civil authority,
and true shepherds from wolves.
5:13 And to esteem them very highly in love for
d their work's sake. 8
[And] be at peace among yourselves.
(d) So then, when this reason ceases, then must
the honour cease. (8) The maintenance of mutual
harmony, is to be especially guarded.
Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are e
unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
(9) We must have consideration of every man, and
the remedy must be applied according to the disease.
(e) That keep not their rank or standing.
See that none render evil for evil unto any [man]; but ever follow that which is
good, both among yourselves, and to all [men].
(10) Charity ought not to be overcome by any
(11) A quiet and appeased mind is nourished with
continual prayers, giving regard to the will of God.
5:18 In every thing
give thanks: for this is the f will of
God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
(f) An acceptable thing to God, and such as he
approves well of.
Quench not the Spirit.
(12) The sparks of the Spirit of God that are
kindled in us, are nourished by daily hearing the word of God: but true
doctrine must be diligently distinguished from false.
5:20 Despise not g
(g) The explaining and interpreting of the word
Abstain from all h appearance of evil.
(13) A general conclusion, that we waiting for
the coming of Christ, do give ourselves to pureness in mind, will, and body,
through the grace and strength of the Spirit of God.
(h) Whatever has but the very show of evil,
abstain from it.
5:23 And the very God of peace i
sanctify you wholly; and [I pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be
preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(i) Separate you from the world, and make you
holy to himself through his Spirit, in Christ, in whom alone you will attain
to that true peace.
k Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who
also will l do [it].
(14) The good will and power of God is a sure
strengthening and encouragement against all difficulties, of which we have a
sure witness in our calling.
(k) Always one, and ever like himself, who indeed
performs whatever he promises. And an effectual calling is nothing else but a
right declaring and true setting forth of God's will: and therefore the
salvation of the elect, is safe and sure.
(l) Who will also make you perfect.
Brethren, pray for us.
(15) The last part of the epistle, in which with
most authoritative charge he commends both himself and this epistle to them.