7:1 And the men of a Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD.
(a) A city in the tribe of Judah, called also
Kirjathbaal, in (Joshua
7:2 And it came to pass, while the ark abode in
Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the
house of Israel lamented b after the
(b) Lamented for their sins, and followed the
And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to c
Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LORD.
(c) For Shiloh was now desolate, because the
Philistines had taken the ark from it.
7:6 And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and d
drew water, and poured [it] out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and
said there, We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of
Israel in Mizpeh.
(d) The Chaldee text says that they drew water
out of their heart: that is, wept abundantly for their sins.
7:8 And the children of
Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to e
cry unto the LORD our God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the
(e) Signifying that in the prayers of the godly,
there should be a vehement zeal.
7:10 And as Samuel was
offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against
Israel: but the LORD f thundered with a
great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they
were smitten before Israel.
(f) According to the prophecy of Hannah
Samuel's mother, (1 Samuel
7:12 Then Samuel took a
stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and g
Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped
(g) Which was a great rock over against Mizpeh.
7:14 And the cities
which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron
even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of
the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the h
(h) Meaning, the Philistines.
And his return [was] to Ramah; for there [was] his house; and there he judged
Israel; and there he built an i altar
unto the LORD.
(i) Which was not contrary to the Law: for as yet
a certain place was not appointed.