1 Samuel 19 Bible Commentary

The Geneva Study Bible

(Read all of 1 Samuel 19)
19:1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should a kill David.

(a) Before Saul sought David's life secretly, but now his hypocrisy grows to open cruelty.

19:3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou b [art], and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.

(b) That I may warn you what to do.

19:6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul c sware, [As] the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.

(c) Whatever he pretended outwardly, yet his heart was full of malice.

19:9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David d played with [his] hand.

(d) He played on his harp to appease the rage of the evil spirit, (
1 Samuel 16:23).

19:12 So Michal e let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped.

(e) Thus God moved both the son and daughter of this tyrant to favour David against their father.

19:15 And Saul sent the messengers [again] to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the f bed, that I may slay him.

(f) Behold, how the tyrants to accomplish their rage, neither regard oath nor friendship, God nor man.

19:18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in g Naioth.

(g) Naioth was a school where the word of God was studied, near Ramah.

19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing h [as] appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also i prophesied.

(h) Being their chief instructor.
(i) Changed their minds and praised God.

19:23 And he k went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

(k) With a mind to persecute them.

19:24 And he stripped off his l clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay m down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, [Is] Saul also among the prophets?

(l) His kingly apparel.
(m) He humbled himself as others did.