At that time, saith the LORD, they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves:
The bones — This denotes the utter desolation of the city, not only rasing the walls, but turning up the very sepulchres which were accounted sacred, and not to be violated.
 Moreover thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; Shall they fall, and not arise? shall he turn away, and not return?
Not arise — Will they never think of rising again? Not return - Will he wander for ever?
 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back by a perpetual backsliding? they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.
Deceit — Their false prophets, encouraging themselves in their wickedness, and pleasing themselves, that their miseries should not come upon them.
 I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
I — God.
 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.
Appointed time — The seasons of her going and coming.
The judgment — God's vengeance, hovering over Jerusalem, and Judea.
 How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.
How — These things considered where is your wisdom? He speaks to the whole body of the people.
The Lord — This may have a more special eye to the priests.
In vain — For any use they made of it; neither need it ever have been copied out by the scribe. A scribe was a teacher, one well versed in the scripture, or esteemed to be so.
 I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: there shall be no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall fade; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them.
Pass away — Shall be taken away by their enemies.
 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defenced cities, and let us be silent there: for the LORD our God hath put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.
Why — The people at length seem to bethink themselves, and thus to bespeak each other.
Silent — Keep close within our walls.
 The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan: the whole land trembled at the sound of the neighing of his strong ones; for they are come, and have devoured the land, and all that is in it; the city, and those that dwell therein.
The snorting — The fury of the Chaldeans march is described by the snorting of their horses, which is a noise they make through their nostrils.
Heard — Even to Jerusalem.
Have devoured — It is spoken in a prophetical style, who use to express the certainty of what shall be, as if it actually were already.
 For, behold, I will send serpents, cockatrices, among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you, saith the LORD.
Shall bite — There will be no appeasing their fury by any method.
 When I would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart is faint in me.
Sorrow — The prophet now seems to speak, how greatly the calamity of this people affected him.
 Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people because of them that dwell in a far country: Is not the LORD in Zion? is not her king in her? Why have they provoked me to anger with their graven images, and with strange vanities?
Why — As if God should seem to reply; let them not think it strange, seeing they have turned their backs upon me, and trusted to idols.
 For the hurt of the daughter of my people am I hurt; I am black; astonishment hath taken hold on me.
Am I hurt — The prophet here shews how deeply he is affected with the peoples misery.
Black — I am as those that are clad in deep mourning.