3. if I have done this--that is, the crime charged in the "words of Cush" (compare 1 Samuel 24:9).
4. If I have injured my friend.
yea, I have delivered, &c.--This makes a good sense, but interrupts the course of thought, and hence it is proposed to render, "if I have spoiled my enemy"--in either case (compare 1 Samuel 24:4-17, 31:8,11).
7. compass thee--as those seeking justice.
return thou on high--assume the judgment seat, to be honored as a just Ruler by them.
8. Though not claiming innocence in general, he can confidently do so in this case, and in demanding from the Judge of all the earth a judgment, he virtually asks acquittal.
10. defence--literally, "shield" (Psalms 5:12).
11. judgeth--as in Psalms
the wicked--Though not expressed, they are implied, for they alone are left as objects of anger.
12, 13. They are here distinctly pointed out, though by changing the person, a very common mode of speech, one is selected as a representative of wicked men generally. The military figures are of obvious meaning.
13. against the persecutors--Some render "for burning," but the former is the best sense. Arrows for burning would be appropriate in besieging a town, not in warring against one man or a company in open fight.
14. The first clause expresses the general idea that wicked men labor to do evil, the others carry out the figure fully.
15, 16. 1 Samuel 18:17, 31:2 illustrate the statement whether alluded to or not. These verses are expository of Psalms 7:14, showing how the devices of the wicked end in disappointment, falsifying their expectations.
17. his righteousness--(Psalms 5:8). Thus illustrated in the defense of His servant and punishment of the wicked.