4:3 And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, a Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
(a) For it seems that this war was undertaken by
4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they
might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which b
dwelleth [between] the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas,
[were] there with the ark of the covenant of God.
(b) For he used to appear to the Israelites
between the cherubim over the ark of the covenant, (Exodus
And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp. And
they said, c Woe unto us! for there hath
not been such a thing heretofore.
(c) Before we fought against men, and now God has
come to fight against us.
4:8 Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the
hand of these mighty Gods? these [are] the Gods that smote the Egyptians with
all the plagues in the d wilderness.
(d) For in the Red Sea in the wilderness the
Egyptians were destroyed, which was the last of all his plagues.
4:10 And the
Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his
tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel e
thirty thousand footmen.
(e) David alluding to this place in (Psalms
78:63) says they were consumed with fire: meaning they were suddenly
4:12 And there ran a man
of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes f
rent, and with earth upon his head.
(f) In token of sorrow and mourning.
4:13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat
by the wayside watching: for his heart g
trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told [it],
all the city cried out.
(g) Lest it should be taken by the enemy.
And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and
there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also,
Hophni and Phinehas, b are dead, and the
ark of God is taken.
(b) According as God had said before.
4:19 And his daughter
in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, [near] to be delivered: and when she
heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and
her husband were dead, she i bowed
herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her.
(i) And positioned her body for her labour and
And she said, k The glory is departed
from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.
(k) She uttered her great sorrow by repeating her