20:1 And David a fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what [is] mine iniquity? and what [is] my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
(a) For Saul was detained, and prophesied a day
and a night by God's providence, that David might have time to escape.
20:3 And David sware
moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in
thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but
truly [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, [there is] but a b
step between me and death.
(b) I am in great danger of death.
20:5 And David said
unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the c
new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go,
that I may hide myself in the field unto the third [day] at even.
(c) At what time there would be a solemn
28:11), to which they added peace offerings and feasts.
20:6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David
earnestly asked [leave] of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for
[there is] a d yearly sacrifice there
for all the family.
(d) Read (1 Samuel
And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were e
determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?
(e) That he were fully determined.
20:10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who f
shall tell me? or what [if] thy father answer thee roughly?
(f) If your father favours me.
The LORD g do so and much more to
Jonathan: but if it please my father [to do] thee evil, then I will shew it
thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with
thee, as he hath been with my father.
(g) The Lord punish me most grievously.
20:14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live
shew me the kindness of the LORD, h that
I die not:
(h) I know that if you were given the kingdom
now, you would not destroy me, but show yourself friendly to my posterity.
But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows [are] beyond thee; go
thy way: for the i LORD hath sent thee
(i) The Lord is the author of your departure.
Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath
befallen him, he [is] not k clean;
surely he [is] not clean.
(k) Yet he might have some business to let him.
20:27 And it came to pass on the morrow,
[which was] the second [day] of the month, that David's place was empty: and
Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not l
the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
(l) Thus he speaks contemptuously of David.
20:29 And he said,
Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my
brother, he hath commanded me [to be there]: and now, if I have found favour in
thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my n
brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.
(n) Meaning, all his kinsfolk.
20:30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against
Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou o
son of the perverse rebellious [woman], do not I know that thou hast chosen the
son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's
(o) You are always contrary to me as your mother
20:32 And Jonathan
answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be p
slain? what hath he done?
(p) For it was too great tyranny to put one to
death and not to give a reason why.
And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field q
at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.
(q) For this was the third day, as it was agreed
on in (1 Samuel
And Jonathan cried after the lad, r Make
speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to
(r) By these words be admonished David what he
[And] as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of [a place] toward the s
south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and
they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
(s) It seems that he shot on the north side of
the stone, least the boy should have seen David.
20:42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace,
forasmuch as we have t sworn both of us
in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my
seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into
(t) Which oath he calls the covenant of the Lord
in (1 Samuel