18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the a soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
(a) His affection was fully bent toward him.
And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, [and] behaved himself b
wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight
of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
(b) That is, he prospered in all his doings.
18:6 And it came to pass as they came, when
David was returned from the slaughter of the c
Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and
dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of
(c) That is, Goliath.
And Saul d eyed David from that day and
d Because he envied and hated him.
18:10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that
the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he e
prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at
other times: and [there was] a javelin in Saul's hand.
(e) That is, spoke as a man beside himself for so
the people abused this word, when they could not understand.
Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand;
and he went f out and came in before the
(f) Meaning he was captain over the people.
And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to
wife: only be thou valiant for me, and g
fight the LORD'S battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but
let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.
(g) Fight against them that war against God's
18:19 But it came
to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to
David, that h she was given unto Adriel
the Meholathite to wife.
(h) By whom he had five sons who David put to
death at the request of the Gibeonites, (2 Samuel
18:21 And Saul said, I
will give him her, that she may be a i
snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore
Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the
(i) So his hypocrisy appears, for under pretence
of favour he sought his destruction.
18:23 And Saul's
servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, k
Seemeth it to you [a] light [thing] to be a king's son in law, seeing that I
[am] a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
(k) Meaning, that he was not able to endow his
wife with riches.
And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the l
king's son in law: and the days were not expired.
(l) Because he thought himself able to compass
the king's request.
18:27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and
his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their
foreskins, and m they gave them in full
tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him
Michal his daughter to wife.
(m) Meaning, David and his soldiers.
18:29 And Saul was
yet the more afraid n of David; and Saul
became David's enemy continually.
(n) To be deprived of his kingdom.
18:30 Then the princes of the Philistines went
forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, [that] o
David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his
name was much set by.
(o) That is, David had better success against the
Philistines than Saul's men.