19:1 And 1 after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, a 2 Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:
(1) This chapter has in summary two parts, one
transitory or of passage to the things that follow, to the tenth verse, (Revelation
19:2-10), another historical of the victory of Christ over both the
beasts, to the end of the chapter (Revelation
19:11-21), which I said was the second history of this argument, (Revelation
17:1). The transition has two places, one of praising God for the
overthrow done to Babylon in (Revelation
19:4): and another likewise of praise and prophecy, for the coming of
Christ to his kingdom, and his most royal marriage with his Church, thence to
the tenth verse (Revelation
19:5-10). The former praise has three parts, distinguished after the
ancient manner of those that sing: an invitation in (Revelation
19:1,2), a response or answer in (Revelation
19:3), and a close or joining together in harmony in (Revelation
19:4), all which I thought good of purpose to distinguish in this place,
lest any man should with Porphyrius, or other like dogs, object to John, or
the heavenly Church, a childish and idle repetition of speech.
(a) Praise the Lord. (2)
The proposition of praise with exhortation in this verse, and the cause of it
19:3 And again they said, 3
Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.
(3) The song of the Antiphony or response,
containing an amplification of the praise of God, from the continuous and
certain testimony of his divine judgment as was done at Sodom and Gomorrah, (Genesis
And a voice came out of the 5 throne,
saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small
(4) The second place of praise, as I said See Geneva
which first is commanded by God in this verse: and then is in most ample
manner pronounced by the creatures, both because they see that kingdom of
Christ to come, which they desire, (Revelation
19:6) and also because they see the Church is called forth to be brought
home to the house of her husband by holy marriage, to the fellowship of his
19:7,8). Therefore John is commanded to write in a book the acclamation
together with a divine testimony, (Revelation
19:9). (5) Out of the temple from God as in (Revelation
19:6 And I heard 6
as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and
as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God
(6) Outside the temple in heaven.
19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to
him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath 7
made herself ready.
(7) Namely, to that holy marriage, both herself
in person in this verse, and also provided by her spouse with marriage gifts
princely and divine, is adorned and prepared in the next verse.
19:8 And to her was granted that she should be
arrayed in 8 fine linen, clean and
white: for the fine 9 linen is the b
righteousness of saints.
(8) As an ensign of kingly and priestly dignity,
which Christ bestows on us in (Revelation
1:6). (9) This is a gift given by the husband
for marriage sake, and a most choice ornament which Christ gave to us, as to
(b) Good works which are lively testimonies of
19:9 10 And
he saith unto me, Write, Blessed [are] they which are called unto the marriage
supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.
(10) Namely the angel, as it appears by the next
And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it]
not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the ctestimony
of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of d
Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
(11) The particular history of this verse is
brought in by occasion, and as it were besides the purpose that John might
make a public example of his own infirmity and of the modest sanctimony of the
angel, who both renounced for himself the divine honours, and recalled all the
servants of God, to the worship of him alone: as also (Revelation
(c) Who are commanded to bear witness of Jesus.
(d) For Jesus is the mark that all the prophecies
And I saw 13 heaven opened, and behold a
white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in
righteousness he doth judge and make war.
(12) The second part of this chapter (as I said
in) See Geneva
is of the victory gained by Christ against both the beasts: in which first
Christ is described as one ready to fight, to the sixteenth verse (Revelation
19:12-16), then the battle is shown to begin, there to the eighteenth
19:17,18), lastly is set forth the victory, to the end the chapter (Revelation
19:19-21). In this place the most excellent properties of Christ as our
heavenly judge and avenger shine forth, according to his person, company,
effects and names.
(13) Properties belonging to his person, that he
is heavenly, judge, faithful, true, just, in this verse, knowing all things,
ruling over all, to be known by no one, (Revelation
19:12), the triumpher and in essence, the Word of God, in (Revelation
And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in
fine linen, white and clean.
(14) The company or retinue of Christ, holy,
innumerable, heavenly, judicial, royal and pure.
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the
nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the
winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
(15) The effects of Christ prepared to fight,
that with his mouth he strikes the Gentiles, rules and destroys.
And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND
LORD OF LORDS.
(16) The name agreeing to Christ according to the
former qualities, expressed after the manner of the Hebrews.
And I saw an angel standing in the 18
sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the 19
midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the
(17) The second part, as I said in See Geneva.
A reproachful calling forth of his enemies into battle: in which not
themselves (for why should they be called forth by the king of the world, or
provoked being his subjects? for that is not comely) but in their hearing, the
birds of the air are called to eat their carcasses.
(18) That is, openly, and in sight of all, as in
25:4; 2 Samuel
(19) That is, through this inferior heaven, and
which is nearer to us: a Hebrew phrase.
And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered
together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.
(20) The third part (as was said in) (Revelation
19:11) by the victory obtained by Christ. Two things pertain to this: his
fighting with the beast and his forces, in this verse: and the event most
magnificent, described after the manner of men, in the verses following. All
these things are plain.
19:20 And the beast 21
was taken, and with him 22 the false
prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had
received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both
were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
(21) Namely, that beast with seven heads; (Revelation
(22) That is, that beast with two heads; (Revelation