2:1 Thou 1 therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
(1) The conclusion of the former exhortation
which has also a declaration added to it: how those who do not keep that
worthy thing that is committed to them, who keep it to themselves, but rather
those who do most freely communicate it with others, to the end that many may
be partakers of it, without any man's loss or hindrance.
2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among a
many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach
(a) When many were there, who can bear witness of
Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
(2) Another admonition: that the ministry of the
word is a spiritual warfare, which no man can so travail in that he pleases
his captain, unless he abstains from and parts with all hindrances which might
draw him away from it.
2:4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with
the affairs of b [this] life; that he
may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
(b) With affairs of household, or other things
that belong to other ordinary businesses.
And if a man also strive for masteries, [yet] is he not crowned, except he
(3) The third admonition: the ministry is similar
to a game in which men strive for the victory, and no man is crowned, unless
he strive according to the laws which are prescribed, be they ever so hard and
The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits.
(4) Another similarity with respect to the same
matter: no man may look for the harvest, unless he first take pains to plow
and sow his ground.
Consider what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding in all things.
(5) All these things cannot be understood, and
much less practised, unless we ask of God and he gives us understanding.
Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead
according to my gospel:
(6) He confirms plainly two principles of our
faith, which are alway assaulted by heretics, the one of which (that is, that
Christ is the true Messiah, made man of the seed of David) is the ground of
our salvation: and the other is the highest part of it, that is, that he is
risen again from the dead.
Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, [even] unto bonds; but the word of
God is not bound.
(7) The taking away of an objection: it is true
that he is kept in prison as an evildoer, yet there is no reason why some
should therefore go about to take away credit from his Gospel. And this is
because God has blessed his ministry; indeed, the example of this his
captivity and patience, did rather in different ways strengthen and encourage
his Church in the hope of a better life.
[It is] a faithful saying: For if we be c
dead with [him], we shall also live with [him]:
(8) The fourth admonition: we ought not to
contend upon words and questions, which are not only unprofitable, but also
for the most part hurtful: but rather upon this, how we may compose ourselves
to every manner of patience, and to die also with Christ (that is to say, for
Christ's name) because that is the plain way to the most glorious life. And
contrary to this, the falling away of men can diminish no part of the truth of
God, even though by such means they procure most certain destruction to
(c) If we are afflicted with Christ, and for
Of these things put [them] in remembrance, d
charging [them] before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit,
[but] to the subverting of the hearers.
(d) Call God to witness, or as a Judge: as Moses,
Joshua, Samuel, and Paul himself did, in Acts 13.
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be
ashamed, e rightly dividing the word of
(9) The fifth admonition: a minister must not be
an idle disputer, but a faithful steward in correctly dividing the word of
truth, in so much that he must stop the mouths of other vain babblers.
(e) By adding nothing to it, neither deleting
anything, neither mangling it, nor rending it apart, nor distorting it: but
marking diligently what his hearers are able to bear, and what is fit to
But shun profane [and] vain babblings: 10
for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
(f) Mark and watch, and see that they do not
creep on further.
(10) He reveals the subtilty of Satan, who
beginning with these principles, draws us by little and little to ungodliness
through the means of that wicked and profane babbling, which gradually
increases. And this he proves by the horrible example of those that taught
that the resurrection was already past.
11 Nevertheless the foundation of God
standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let
every one that g nameth the name of
Christ depart from iniquity.
(11) A digression, in which he heals the offence
that rose by their falling away. Firstly, he shows that the elect are out of
all danger of any such falling away. Secondly, that they are known to God, and
not to us: and therefore it is no marvel if we often mistake hypocrites for
true brethren. But we must take heed that we are not like them, but rather
that we are indeed such as we are said to be.
(g) That serves and worships him, and as it were
named of him, a faithful man or Christian.
But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also
of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.
(12) The taking away of an objection: it is not
dishonour to the good man of the house, that he has not in a great house all
vessels of one sort and for one service, but we must look to this, that we are
found vessels prepared to honour.
2:21 If a man therefore h
purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet
for the master's use, [and] prepared unto every good work.
(h) By these words is meant the execution of the
matter, and not the cause: for in that we purge ourselves, it is not to be
attributed to any free will that is in us, but to God, who freely and wholly
works in us, a good and an effectual will.
Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, 14
peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
(13) Returning to the matter from where he
digressed in (2 Timothy
2:16), he warns him to exercise himself in serious matters, and such as
pertain to godliness.
(14) The sixth admonition: we must above all things
avoid all bitterness of mind, both in teaching all men, and also in calling
those back who have gone out of the way.
2:24 And the servant of
the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, i
(i) To win them through our patient bearing with
them, but not to please them or excuse them in their wickedness.
2:25 In meekness instructing those that k
oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the
acknowledging of the truth;
(k) He means those who do not yet see the truth.