1:1 Paul, 1 an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, [which is] our hope;
(1) First of all, he affirms his own free
vocation and also Timothy's, that the one might be confirmed by the other:
and in addition he declares the sum of the apostolic doctrine, that is, the
mercy of God in Christ Jesus apprehended by faith, the end of which is yet
1:2 Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, a
mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
(a) There is as much difference between mercy and
grace, as is between the effect and the cause: for grace is that free good
will of God, by which he chose us in Christ, and mercy is that free
justification which follows it.
1:3 2 As
I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou
mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,
(2) This whole epistle consists in admonitions,
in which all the duties of a faithful pastor are plainly set out. And the
first admonition is this, that no innovation is made either in the apostle's
doctrine itself, or in the manner of teaching it.
Neither give heed to fables and endless b
genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in
faith: [so do].
(3) The doctrine is corrupted not only by false
opinions, but also by vain and curious speculations: the declaration and
utterance of which can help our faith in no way.
(b) He makes note of one type of vain question.
Now the end of the c commandment is d
charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith
(4) The second admonition is, that the right use
and practice of the doctrine must be joined with the doctrine. And that
consists in pure charity, and a good conscience, and true faith.
(c) Of the Law.
(d) There is neither love without a good
conscience, nor a good conscience without faith, nor faith without the word of
From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling;
(5) That which he spoke before generally of vain
and curious controversies, he applies to those who, pretending a zeal of the
Law, dwelled upon outward things, and never made an end of babbling of foolish
Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor
whereof they affirm.
(6) There are none more unlearned, and more
impudent in usurping the name of holiness, than foolish babblers, who reason
But we know that the law [is] good, if a man use it lawfully;
(7) The taking away of an objection: he does not
condemn the Law, but requires the right use and practice of it.
Knowing this, that the law is not made for a e
righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for f
sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of
mothers, for manslayers,
(8) He indeed escapes the curse of the Law, and
therefore does not abhor it, who fleeing and avoiding those things which the
Law condemns, gives himself with all his heart to observe it: and he does not
make a vain babbling of outward and curious matters.
(e) And such a one is he, whom the Lord has
endued with true doctrine, and with the Holy Spirit.
(f) To those who make an art, as it were, of
According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, 10
which was committed to my trust.
(9) He contrasts fond and vain babbling with, not
only the Law, but the Gospel also, which does not condemn, but greatly
commends the wholesome doctrine contained in the commandments of God. And
therefore he calls it a glorious Gospel, and the Gospel of the blessed God,
the power of which these babblers did not know.
(10) A reason why neither any other Gospel is to
be taught than he has taught in the Church, neither after any other way,
because there is no other Gospel besides that which God committed to him.
And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath g
enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
(11) He maintains of necessity his apostleship
against some that did find fault with his former life, debasing himself even
to hell, to advance only Christ's only, with which he abolished all those
his former doings.
(g) Who gave me strength, not only when I had no
will to do well, but also when I was wholly given to evil.
1:13 Who was before a h
blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did
[it] ignorantly in unbelief.
(h) These are the meritorious works which Paul
1:14 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding
abundant 12 with faith and love which is
in Christ Jesus.
(12) He proves this change by the effects,
because he who was a profane man, has become a believer: and he that did most
outrageously persecute Christ, burns now in love towards him.
This [is] a i faithful saying, and
worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save
sinners; of whom I am chief.
(13) He turns the reproach of the adversaries
upon their own head, showing that this singular example of the goodness of
God, contributes greatly to the benefit of the whole Church.
(i) Worthy to be believed.
Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the k
only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
(14) He breaks out into an exclamation, even
because of the very zeal of his mind, because he cannot satisfy himself in
amplifying the grace of God.
(k) See John
This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which
went before on thee, that thou by l them
mightest war a good warfare;
(15) The conclusion of both the former fatherly
admonitions, that is, that Timothy striving bravely against all stops, being
called to the ministry according to many prophecies which went before of him,
should both maintain the doctrine which he had received, and keep also a good
(l) By the help of them.
1:19 Holding m
faith, and a good conscience; 16 which
some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
(m) Wholesome and sound doctrine.
(16) Whoever does not keep a good conscience,
loses also by little and little, the gift of understanding. And this he proves
by two most lamentable examples.
1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; 17
whom I have n delivered unto Satan, that
they may o learn not to blaspheme.
(17) Those who fall from God, and his religion,
are not to be endured in the Church, but rather ought to be excommunicated.
(n) Cast out of the Church, and so delivered them
(o) That by their pain they might learn how
serious it is to blaspheme.