20:1 And 1 it came to pass, [that] on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon [him] with the elders,
(1) The Pharisees, being overcome with the truth
of Christ's doctrine, propose a question about his outward calling, and are
overcome by the witness of their own conscience.
2 Then began he to speak to the people
this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen,
and went into a far country for a long time.
(2) It is nothing new for those who are
knowledgable of the very sanctuary of God's holy place to be the greatest
enemies of Christ, but in due time they will be punished.
3 And they a
watched [him], and sent forth b spies,
which should feign themselves just men, c
that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the
power and d authority of the governor.
(3) The last refuge the false prophets have to
destroy the true prophets is to charge them with rebellion and treason against
(a) An appropriate time to take him in.
(b) Whom they had hired deceitfully.
(c) That they might latch on to something he
said, and by this forge some false accusation against him.
(d) Put him to death.
20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know
that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the e
person [of any], but teachest the way of God truly:
(e) You are not moved by favour of any man: and
by "person" he means outward circumstances, for if a man judges
according to these, there will be those who are truly alike whom he will judge
to be different.
20:23 But he perceived their f
craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
(f) Craftiness is a certain diligence and subtle
knowledge to do evil, which is achieved by much use and great practise in
4 Then came to [him] certain of the
Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
(4) The resurrection of the flesh is affirmed
against the Sadducees.
And Jesus answering said unto them, The g
children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:
(g) "The children of this world" refers
here to those who live in this world, and not those that are wholly given to
the world (and therefore contrary to the children of light), as above in (Luke
20:36 Neither can they die
any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being
the h children of the resurrection.
(h) That is, men who partake in the resurrection:
for as we truly say that they will indeed live who will enjoy everlasting
bliss, so do those indeed rise who rise to life; though if this word
"resurrection" is taken generally, it refers also to the wicked, who
will rise to condemnation, which is not properly life, but death.
20:38 For he is not a God of
the dead, but of the living: for all i
live unto him.
(i) That is, before him: a saying to take note
of, for the godly do not die, though they die here on earth.
And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
(5) Even though Christ is the son of David
according to the flesh he is also his Lord (because he is the everlasting Son
of God) according to the spirit.
6 Beware of the scribes, which desire to
walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in
the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts;
(6) We must avoid the example of the
glory-seeking and covetous pastors.
20:47 Which devour widows' k
houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater
(k) By the figure of speech metonymy,
"houses" is understood to mean the goods and substance.