13:1 There 1 were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood a Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.
(1) We must not rejoice at the just punishment of
others, but rather we should be instructed by it to repent.
(a) Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea almost
ten years, and about the fourth year of his government, which might be about
the fifteenth year of Tiberius' reign, Christ finished the work of our
redemption by his death.
those eighteen, upon whom the tower in b
Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that
dwelt in Jerusalem?
(b) That is, in the place, or river: for Siloam
was a small river from which the conduits of the city came; see (John
8:6); and therefore it was a tower or a castle, built upon the conduit
side, which fell down suddenly and killed some.
He spake also this parable; A certain [man] had a fig tree planted in his
vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.
(2) Great and long suffering is the patience of
God, but yet he eventually executes judgment.
13:7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard,
Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none:
cut it down; why c cumbereth it the
(c) Make the ground barren in that part which is
otherwise good for vines.
And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath.
(3) Christ came to deliver us from the hand of
13:11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a d
spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise
lift up [herself].
(d) Troubled with a disease which Satan caused.
13:12 And when Jesus saw her, he called [her to
him], and said unto her, Woman, thou art e
loosed from thine infirmity.
(e) For Satan had the woman bound, as if she had
been in chains, to the extent that for eighteen years time she could not hold
up her head.
And the f ruler of the synagogue
answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and
said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them
therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day.
(4) A graphic image of hypocrisy, and the reward
(f) One of the rulers of the synagogue, for it
appears that there were many rulers of the synagogue, see (Mark
5 It is like a grain of mustard seed,
which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree;
and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.
(5) God begins his kingdom with small beginnings
so that its growth, which is not looked for, may better set forth his power.
And he went through the cities and villages, teaching, and journeying toward
(6) Against those who had rather err with many
than go right with a few, and because of this through their own indifference
they are shut out of the kingdom of God.
7 Then shall ye begin to say, We have
eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.
(7) It is vain to be in the Church if one is not
of the Church; and whether or not one is in the Church is shown by the purity
There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and
Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you
[yourselves] thrust out.
(8) The casting off of the Jews and the calling
of the Gentiles is foretold.
13:29 And they shall come from the g
east, and [from] the west, and from the north, and [from] the south, and shall
sit down in the kingdom of God.
(g) From all the corners of the world, and the
places mentioned here are four of the main ones.
The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out,
and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee.
(9) We must go forward in regards to our calling,
through the midst of terrors, whether they be real or imagined.
13:32 And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that h
fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures i
to day and to morrow, and the third [day] I shall be k
(h) That deceitful and treacherous man.
(i) That is, a small time, and Theophylact says
it is a proverb: or else by "to day" we may understand the present
time, and by tomorrow the time to come, meaning by this the entire time of his
ministry and office.
(k) That is, when the sacrifice for sin is
Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for it
cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem.
(10) Nowhere else are there more cruel enemies of
the godly than within the sanctuary and Church itself: but God sees it and
will in his time have an account for it from them.
13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the
prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have
gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her l
brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
(l) Literally, "the nest": now the
brood of chickens is the nest.