1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah the a Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
The Argument - Micah the prophet of the tribe of Judah served in the work of
the Lord concerning Judah and Israel at least thirty years: during which time
Isaiah prophesied. He declares the destruction first of the one kingdom, and
then of the other, because of their manifold wickedness, but chiefly because
of their idolatry. And to this end he notes the wickedness of the people, the
cruelty of the princes and governors, and the allowing of the false prophets,
and the delighting in them. Then he sets forth the coming of Christ, his
kingdom, and the felicity of it. This Prophet was not that Micah who resisted
Ahab and all his false prophets, (1 Kings
22:8) but another with the same name.
(a) Born in Mareshah, a city of Judah.
1:2 Hear, b
all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD
be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
(b) Because of the malice and obstinacy of the
people, whom he had so often exhorted to repentance, he summons them to
God's judgments, taking all creatures, and God himself as witness, that the
preaching of the Prophets, which they have abused, will be avenged.
1:3 For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his
place, and will come c down, and tread
upon the high places of the earth.
(c) Meaning by this that God will come to
judgment against the strong cities and strongholds.
1:5 For the transgression of
Jacob [is] all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. What [is] the
transgression of Jacob? [is it] not d
Samaria? and what [are] the high e
places of Judah? [are they] not Jerusalem?
(d) Samaria, which should have been an example to
all Israel of true religion and justice, was the dirty pool and the tank that
all idolatry and corruption was kept alive in, and who prided themselves in
their father Jacob, and boasted of him.
(e) That is, the idolatry and infection.
1:7 And all the graven images
thereof shall be beaten to pieces, and all the f
hires thereof shall be burned with the fire, and all the idols thereof will I
lay desolate: for she gathered [it] of the hire of an harlot, and they shall
return g to the hire of an harlot.
(f) Which they gathered by evil practices, and
thought that their idols had enriched them with these wages because of their
service to them.
(g) The gain that came by their idols will be
consumed as a thing of nothing: for as the wages or riches of harlots are
wickedly gotten, so are they vilely and quickly spent.
Declare ye [it] not at h Gath, weep ye
not at all: in the house of i Aphrah
roll thyself in the dust.
(h) Lest the Philistines our enemies rejoice at
(i) Which was a city near to Jerusalem (Joshua
18:23), there called Ophrah, and signifies dust: therefore he wants them
to mourn and roll themselves in the dust, for their dusty city.
1:11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of k
Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the
mourning of Bethezel; he shall l receive
of you his standing.
(k) These were cities by which the enemy would
pass as he came to Judah.
(l) He will not depart before he has overcome
you, and so you will pay for his staying.
1:12 For the inhabitant of Maroth waited carefully
for good: but evil came down from the LORD unto the m
gate of Jerusalem.
(m) For Rabshakeh had shut up Jerusalem, so that
they could not send to help them.
1:13 O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot
to the n swift beast: she o
[is] the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of
Israel were found in thee.
(n) To flee away: for Sennacherib laid siege
first to that city, and remained there when he sent his captains and army
(o) You first received the idolatry of Jeroboam,
and so infected Jerusalem.
1:14 Therefore shalt thou give presents to p
Moreshethgath: the houses of Achzib [shall be] a lie to the kings of Israel.
(p) You will bribe the Philistines your
neighbours, but they will deceive you, as well as those of Jerusalem.
1:15 Yet will I bring an q
heir unto thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam r
the glory of Israel.
(q) He prophesies against his own city: and
because it signified a heritage, he says that God would send an heir to
(r) For so they thought themselves because of the
strength of their cities.