49:1 Concerning the a Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why [then] doth their king b inherit Gad, and his people dwell in c his cities?
(a) They were separated from the Moabites by the
river Arnon, and after the ten tribes were carried away into captivity, they
invaded the country of Gad.
(b) That is, of the Ammonites.
(c) Meaning, of the Israelites.
49:2 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the
LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in d
Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters
shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir to them that were his
heirs, saith the LORD.
(d) Which was one of the chief cities of the
Ammonites, as were Heshbon and Ai: there was also a city called Heshbon among
49:4 Why gloriest thou in the
e valleys, thy flowing valley, O
backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, [saying], Who shall come to
(e) In your plentiful country.
49:5 Behold, I will bring f
a fear upon thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts, from all those that are about
thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up
him that wandereth.
(f) Signifying that power and riches cannot
prevail when God will execute his judgments.
49:6 And h
afterward I will bring again the captives of the children of Ammon, saith the
(h) In the time of Christ, when the Gentiles will
49:7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts;
[Is] wisdom no more in i Teman? hath
counsel perished from the prudent? hath their wisdom vanished?
(i) Which was a city of Edom, called by the name
of Teman Eliphaz's son, who came from Esau.
49:8 Flee ye, k
turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of
Esau upon him, the time [that] I will punish him.
(k) The enemies that pretend to flee, will turn
back and invade your land, and possess it.
49:9 If l
grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave [some] gleaning grapes? if
thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.
(l) Meaning that God would utterly destroy them
and not spare one, though the grape gatherers leave some grapes, and thieves
seek but till they have enough, (Obadiah
49:11 Leave thy m
fatherless children, I will preserve [them] alive; and let thy widows trust in
(m) The destruction will be so great that there
will be none left to take care of the widows and the fatherless.
49:12 For thus saith the LORD; n
Behold, they whose judgment [was] not to drink of the cup have assuredly drank;
and [art] thou he [that] shall altogether go unpunished? thou shalt not go
unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink [of it].
(n) I have not spared my own people and how
should I pity you?
49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD,
that o Bozrah shall become a desolation,
a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes.
(o) Which was a chief city of Edom.
49:14 I have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an
ambassador is sent to the nations, [saying], Gather ye together, and come
against p her, and rise up to the
(p) That is, Bozrah.
Behold, q he shall come up like a lion
from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will
suddenly make r him run away from her:
and who [is] a chosen [man, that] I may appoint over her? for who [is] like me?
and who will appoint me the time? and who [is] that s
shepherd that will stand before me?
(q) That is, Nebuchadnezzar after he has overcome
Judah, which is meant by the swelling of Jordan, will come against mount Seir
(r) That is, the Israelites whom the Edomites
kept as prisoners to hast away from there.
(s) The captain and governor of the army meaning
49:20 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that
he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the
inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least t
of the flock shall draw them out: surely u
he shall make their habitations desolate with them.
(t) They will not be able to resist his petty
(u) To visit the enemy.
49:22 Behold, he shall come
up and fly as the eagle, x and spread
his wings over Bozrah: and at that day shall the heart of the mighty men of Edom
be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.
(x) As (Jeremiah
48:40) was said of Moab.
49:23 Concerning y
Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings:
they are fainthearted; [there is] sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.
(y) Which was the chief city of Syria, by which
he means the whole country.
49:24 Damascus hath become feeble, [and] turneth
herself to flee, z and fear hath seized
on [her]: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail.
(z) When she heard the sudden coming of the
49:25 How is the a
city of praise not left, the city of my joy!
(a) He speaks this in the person of the king and
of them of the country who will wonder to see Damascus the chief city
49:27 And I will kindle a
fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of b
(b) Who was king of Syria, (1 Kings
20:26) and had built these palaces which were still called the palaces of
49:28 Concerning c
Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon shall smite, thus saith the LORD; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and lay
waste the men of the east.
(c) Meaning the Arabians, and their borders.
49:29 Their tents and their flocks shall they take
away: they shall take to themselves their d
curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry to them,
Fear [is] on every side.
(d) Because they used to dwell in tents, he names
the things that belong to it.
49:30 Flee, go far off, e
dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD; for Nebuchadnezzar king
of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against
(e) The enemies will dwell in your places.
Arise, go up to the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD,
which have neither gates nor bars, [which] dwell alone.
(f) He shows that they of Hazor will flee to the
Arabians for comfort but that will not help them.
The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against g
Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
(g) That is Persia, so called for Elam the son of
49:35 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will
break the h bow of Elam, the chief of
(h) Because the Persians were good archers, he
shows that the thing in which they put their trust would not profit them.
And I will set my i throne in Elam, and
will destroy from there the king and the princes, saith the LORD.
(i) I will place Nebuchadnezzar there, and in
these prophecies Jeremiah speaks of those countries which would be subdued
under the first of those four monarchies of which Daniel makes mention.
49:39 But it shall come to pass k
in the latter days, [that] I will bring again the captives of Elam, saith the
(k) This may be referred to the empire of the
Persians and Medes after the Chaldeans or to the time of Christ, as in (Jeremiah