46:1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the a Gentiles;
(a) That is, nine nations which are around the
land of Egypt.
46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of b
Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, who was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, whom
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of
Josiah king of Judah.
(b) Read (2 Kings
23:29,24:7; 2 Chronicles
Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.
(c) He warns the Egyptians to prepare themselves
Why have I seen them dismayed [and] turned away back? and their mighty ones are
beaten down, and have fled apace, and look not back: [for] fear [was] on all
sides, saith the LORD.
(d) The prophet had this vision of the Egyptians
who would be put to flight by the Babylonians at Carchemish.
46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty
man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the e
north by the river Euphrates.
(e) The Babylonians will discomfit them at the
46:7 Who [is] this [that] cometh up as f
a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?
(f) He derides the boastings of the Egyptians,
who thought by their riches and power to have overcome all the world, alluding
to the Nile river, which at certain times overflows the country of Egypt.
46:9 Come up, ye horses; and
rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; g
the Cushites and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that
handle [and] bend the bow.
(g) For these nations took part with the
46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of
hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the
sword shall devour, and it shall be satisfied and made drunk with their blood:
for the Lord GOD of hosts hath h a
sacrifice in the north country i by the
(h) He calls the slaughter of God's enemies a
sacrifice, because it is a thing that pleases him, (Isaiah
(i) That is, at Carchemish.
46:11 Go up into Gilead, k
and take balm, O virgin, the l daughter
of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many m
medicines; [for] thou shalt not be cured.
(k) For at Gilead there grew a most sovereign
balm for wounds.
(l) So called, because Egypt had not yet been
overcome by the enemy.
(m) He sows that no salve or medicine can prevail
where God gives the wound.
He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let
us go again to our n own people, and to
the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.
(n) As they who would repent that they helped the
46:17 They cried there, Pharaoh king of Egypt [is
but] a noise; he o hath passed the time
(o) He derides them who blame their overthrow on
lack of counsel and policy, or to fortune and not observing of time: not
considering that it is God's just judgment.
46:18 [As] I live, saith the King, whose name [is]
the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor [is] among the mountains, and as Carmel by
the sea, [so] shall p he come.
(p) That is, that the Egyptians will be
46:20 Egypt [is like] a
very q fair heifer, [but] destruction
cometh; it cometh out of the north.
(q) They have abundance of all things, and
therefore are disobedient and proud.
46:21 Also her hired men r
[are] in the midst of her like fatted bulls; for they also have turned back,
[and] have fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their
calamity had come upon them, [and] the time of their judgment.
(r) As in (Jeremiah
46:22 Its voice shall go like a s
serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against t
her with axes, as hewers of wood.
(s) They will be scarcely able to speak for fear
of the Chaldeans.
(t) Meaning Egypt.
46:23 They shall cut down u
her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more
(x) grasshoppers, and [are] innumerable.
(u) That is, they will slay the great and mighty
men of power.
(x) That is, Nebuchadnezzar's army.
46:25 The LORD of hosts,
the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the y
multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even
Pharaoh, and [all] them that trust in him:
(y) Some take the Hebrew word Amon for the kings
name of No, that is, of Alexandria.
46:26 And I will deliver them into the hand of
those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited,
as z in the days of old, saith the LORD.
(z) Meaning, that after forty years Egypt would
be restored, (Isaiah
But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for,
behold, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their
captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall
make [him] afraid.
(a) God comforts all his that were in captivity
but especially the small Church of the Jews, of which were Jeremiah and
Baruch, who remained among the Egyptians: for the Lord never forsakes his, (Isaiah
46:28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the
LORD: for I [am] with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations where
I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct b
thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.
(b) See Geneva