36:1 And it came to pass in the fourth a year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, [that] this word came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
(a) See Geneva
36:2 Take thee a scroll of a book, and write in it
all the words that I have spoken to thee against Israel, and against Judah, and
against all the nations, from the day I spoke to thee, b
from the days of Josiah, even to this day.
(b) Which were twenty and three years, as in (Jeremiah
25:3) counting from the thirteenth year of Josiah's reign.
36:4 Then Jeremiah called
Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote c
from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken to
him, upon a roll of a book.
(c) As he indicted.
36:5 And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I [am] d
shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD:
(d) Meaning, in prison through the malice of the
36:6 Therefore go thou, and read in the scroll,
which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the
people in the LORD'S house upon the e
day of fasting: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come
out of their cities.
(e) Which was proclaimed for fear of the
Babylonians, as their custom was when they feared war, or any great plague of
36:7 It may be they will f
present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his
evil way: for great [is] the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced
against this people.
(f) He shows that fasting without prayer and
repentance does nothing but is mere hypocrisy.
36:9 And it came to pass in
the fifth g year of Jehoiakim the son of
Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, [that] they proclaimed a fast before
the LORD to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from
the cities of Judah to Jerusalem.
(g) The fast was then proclaimed and Baruch read
this rule which was a little before Jerusalem was first taken, and then
Jehoiakim and Daniel and his companions were led away captive.
36:10 Then Baruch read in the book the words of
Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan
the scribe, in the higher court, at the entrance of the h
new gate of the LORD'S house, in the ears of all the people.
(h) Which is the East gate of the temple.
Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they were i
afraid both one and another, and said to Baruch, We will surely tell the king of
all these words.
(i) The godly were afraid, seeing God so
offended, and the wicked were astonished for the horror of the punishment.
Then said the princes to Baruch, Go, k
hide thyself, thou and Jeremiah; and let no man know where ye are.
(k) They who were godly among the princes gave
this counsel by whose means it is like that Jeremiah was delivered for they
knew the rage of the king and of the wicked to be such that they could not
escape without danger of their lives.
Now the king sat in the winterhouse in the l
ninth month: and [there was a fire] on the hearth burning before him.
(l) Which contained part of November and part of
36:24 Yet they were not
afraid, nor tore m their garments,
[neither] the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
(m) Showing that the wicked instead of repenting
when they hear God's judgments, grow into further malice against him and his
36:26 But the king
commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and
Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet:
but the LORD n hid them.
(n) Thus we see the continual care that God has
over his to preserve them from the rage of the wicked.
36:28 Take thee again o
another scroll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first
scroll, which Jehoiakim king of Judah hath burned.
(o) Though the wicked think to have abolished the
word of God when they have burnt the book of it, yet this declares that God
will not only raise it up again but also increase it in greater abundance to
their condemnation as in (Jeremiah
36:29 And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of
Judah, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this scroll, saying, p
Why hast thou written in it, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come
and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from there man and beast?
(p) These are Jehoiakim's words.
36:30 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning
Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have q
none to sit upon the throne of David: and his r
dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the
(q) Though Jehoiachin his son succeeded him, yet
because he reigned but three months, it was esteemed as no reign.
(r) See Geneva