17:1 The sin of Judah [is] a written with a pen of iron, [and] with the point of a diamond: [it is] graven upon the b tablet of their heart, and upon the horns of your c altars;
(a) The remembrance of their contempt of God
cannot pass, although for a time he defers the punishment, for it will be
revealed to men and angels.
(b) Instead of the law of God, they have written
idolatry and all abomination in their heart.
(c) Your sins appear in all the altars that you
have erected to idols.
While their children remember their altars and their idols by the green trees
upon the high hills.
(d) Some read, "So that their children
remember their altars", that is, follow their father's wickedness.
17:3 e O my
mountain in the field, I will give thy substance [and] all thy treasures to the
spoil, [and] thy high places for sin, throughout all thy borders.
(e) Zion that was my mountain, will now be left
as a waste field.
17:4 And thou, even f
thyself, shall discontinue from thy heritage that I gave thee; and I will cause
thee to serve thy enemies in the land which thou knowest not: for ye have
kindled a fire in my anger, [which] shall burn for ever.
(f) Because you would not give the land rest, at
such times, days and years as I appointed, you will after this be carried away
and it will rest for lack of labourers.
17:5 Thus saith the LORD; g
Cursed [be] the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose
heart departeth from the LORD.
(g) The Jews were given to worldly policies and
thought to make themselves strong by the friendship of the Egyptians, (Isaiah
31:3) and strangers and in the mean time did not depend on God, and
therefore he denounces God's plagues against them, showing that they prefer
corruptible man to God, who is immortal, (Isaiah
For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her
roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be
green; and shall not be anxious in the year of drought, neither shall cease from
(h) Read (Psalms
17:9 i The
heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know
(i) Because the wicked always have some excuse to
defend their doings he shows that their own lewd imaginations deceive them and
bring them to these hardships: but God will examine their deeds by the malice
of their hearts, (
[As] the partridge sitteth [on eggs], and hatcheth [them] not; [so] he that
getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and
at his end shall be a fool.
(k) As the patriarch by calling gathered others
who forsake her when they see she is not their mother: so the covetous man is
forsaken of his riches because he comes by them falsely.
17:12 A glorious l
high throne from the beginning [is] the place of our sanctuary.
(l) Showing that the godly ought to glory in
nothing, but in God who exalts his, and has left a sign of his favour in his
17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake
thee shall be ashamed, [and] they that depart from me shall be written m
in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living
(m) Their names will not be registered in the
book of life.
17:14 Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; n
save me, and I shall be saved: for thou [art] my praise.
(n) He desires God to preserve him that he fall
not into temptation, considering the great contempt of God's word, and the
multitude that fall from God.
17:15 Behold, o
they say to me, Where [is] the word of the LORD? let it come now.
(o) The wicked say that my prophecy will not come
to pass, because you deferred the time of your vengeance.
17:16 As for me, p
I have not hastened from [being] a shepherd to follow thee: neither have I
desired the woeful day; thou knowest: that which was uttered by my lips was
[right] before thee.
(p) I am assured of my calling, and therefore
know that the thing which you speak by me will come to pass, and that I speak
not of any worldly affection.
17:17 Be not q
a terror to me: thou [art] my hope in the day of evil.
(q) However the wicked deal rigorously with me,
yet let me find comfort in you.
17:18 Let them be confounded that persecute me,
but let not me be confounded: let them be dismayed, but let not me be dismayed:
bring upon them the day of evil, r and
destroy them with double destruction.
(r) Read (Jeremiah
17:19 Thus said the LORD to me; Go and stand in
the s gate of the children of the
people, by which the kings of Judah come in, and by which they go out, and in
all the gates of Jerusalem;
(s) While your doctrine may best be understood
both by high and low.
17:21 Thus saith the LORD;
Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the t
sabbath day, nor bring [it] in by the gates of Jerusalem;
(t) By naming the Sabbath day, he comprehends the
thing that is signified by it, for if they transgressed in the ceremony, they
must be guilty of the rest, read (Exodus
20:8) and by the breaking of this one commandment, he makes them
transgressors of the whole law, as the first and second table are contained in