5:1 Keep thy m foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of n fools: for they consider not that they do evil.
(m) That is, with what affection you come to hear
the word of God.
(n) Meaning, of the wicked, who think to please
God with common uses, and have neither faith nor repentance.
5:2 Be not a
rash with thy mouth, and let not thy heart be hasty to utter [any] thing before
God: for God [is] in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be b
(a) Either in vowing or in praying, meaning, that
we should use all reverence toward God.
(b) He hears you not for the sake of your many
words or often repetitions, but considers your faith and servant's mind.
5:4 When thou vowest a vow to
God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which
thou hast c vowed.
(c) He speaks of vows which are approved by
God's word and serve to his glory.
5:6 Allow not thy mouth to cause
thy d flesh to sin; neither say thou
before the e angel, that it [was] an
error: why should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thy hands?
(d) Do not cause yourself to sin by vowing rashly
as they do who make a vow to live unmarried and such like.
(e) That is, before God's messenger when he
will examine your doing, as though your ignorance should be a just excuse.
5:8 If thou seest the oppression
of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province,
wonder not at the matter: for [he that is] f
higher than the highest regardeth; and [there are] higher than they.
(f) Meaning, that God will address these things,
and therefore we must depend on him.
5:9 Moreover the g
profit of the earth is for all: the king h
[himself] is served by the field.
(g) The earth is to be preferred above all things
which belong to this life.
(h) Kings and princes cannot maintain their
estate without tillage, which commends the excellency of tillage.
sleep of a labouring man [is] sweet, whether he eateth little or much: but the i
abundance of the rich will not allow him to sleep.
(i) That is, his great abundance of riches, or
the surfeiting, which comes by his great feeding.
5:13 There is a grievous evil [which] I have seen
under the sun, [namely], riches k kept
for the owners of them to their hurt.
(k) When covetous men heap up riches, which turn
to their destruction.
5:14 But those riches perish by evil labour: and he
begetteth a son, and [there is] nothing in his l
(l) He does not enjoy his father's riches.
5:16 And this also [is] a
grievous evil, [that] in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit
hath he that hath laboured for the m
(m) Meaning, in vain and without profit.
5:17 All his days also he eateth in n
darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.
(n) In affliction and grief of mind.
5:18 Behold [that] which I have seen: [it is] good
and proper [for one] to o eat and to
drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all
the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it [is] his portion.
(o) See Geneva
5:20 For he shall not much
remember the days of his p life; because
God answereth [him] in the joy of his heart.
(p) He will take no great thought for the pains
that he has endured in times past.