31:2 See, I a have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
(a) I have chosen and made meet, (Exodus
31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God,
in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of b
(b) This shows that handicrafts are the gifts of
God's spirit, and therefore ought to be esteemed.
I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of
Dan: and in the hearts of all that are c
wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded
(c) I have instructed them, and increased their
31:8 And the table and his
furniture, and the d pure candlestick
with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,
(d) So called, because of the cunning and art
used in them, or because the whole was beaten out of the piece.
And the e anointing oil, and sweet
incense for the holy [place]: according to all that I have commanded thee shall
(e) Which was only to anoint the Priests and the
instruments of the tabernacle, not to burn.
31:13 Speak thou also unto
the children of Israel, saying, f Verily
my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign between me and you throughout your
generations; that [ye] may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you.
(f) Though I command that these works be done,
yet I do not want you to break my Sabbath days.
31:14 Ye shall keep the g
sabbath therefore; for it [is] holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall
surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth [any] work therein, that soul shall
be cut off from among his people.
(g) God repeats this point because the whole
keeping of the law stands in the true use of the sabbath, which is to stop
working and so obey the will of God.
It [is] a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for [in] six days
the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he h
rested, and was refreshed.
(h) From creating his creatures, but not from
governing and preserving them.
31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an
end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables i
of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
(i) By which he declared his will to his people.