30:1 And thou shalt make an altar a to burn incense upon: [of] shittim wood shalt thou make it.
(a) Upon which the sweet perfume was burnt, (Exodus
30:2 A cubit [shall be] the length thereof, and a
cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits [shall be] the
height thereof: the horns thereof [shall be] b
of the same.
(b) Of the same wood and matter.
And thou shalt put it c before the vail
that [is] by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that [is] over the
testimony, where I will meet with thee.
(c) That is, in the sanctuary, and not in the
holiest of all.
30:7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense
every morning: when he d dresseth the
lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.
(d) Meaning, when he trims them, and refreshes
30:9 Ye shall offer no e
strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall
ye pour drink offering f thereon.
(e) Otherwise made them this, which is described.
(f) But it must only serve to burn perfume.
When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then
shall they give every man g a ransom for
his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among
them, when [thou] numberest them.
(g) By which he testified that he redeemed his
life which he had forfeit, as is declared by David, (2 Samuel
30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth
among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the h
shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel [is] twenty gerahs:) an half shekel [shall
be] the offering of the LORD.
(h) This shekel was worth two common shekels: and
the gerah about 12 pence at a rate of five shillings sterling to an ounce of
30:15 The rich shall not give
more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when [they] give an
offering unto the LORD, i to make an
atonement for your souls.
(i) That God should be merciful to you.
For Aaron and his sons shall k wash
their hands and their feet thereat:
(k) Signifying that he that comes to God must be
washed from all sin and corruption.
30:21 So they shall wash
their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute l
for ever to them, [even] to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
(l) So long as the priesthood shall last.
30:23 Take thou also unto
thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred m
[shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty
[shekels], and of sweet n calamus two
hundred and fifty [shekels],
(m) Weighing so much.
(n) It is a type of reed with a very sweet savour
within, and it is used in powders and odours.
And thou shalt anoint the o tabernacle
of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,
(o) All things which belong to the tabernacle.
Upon p man's flesh shall it not be
poured, neither shall ye make [any other] like it, after the composition of it:
it [is] holy, [and] it shall be holy unto you.
(p) Neither at their burials nor otherwise.
30:33 Whosoever compoundeth [any] like it, or
whosoever putteth [any] of it upon q a
stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
(q) Either a stranger or an Israelite, save only
30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee
sweet spices, stacte, and r onycha, and
galbanum; [these] sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a
(r) In Hebrew, Sheheleth: which is a sweet kind
of gum and shines as the nail.