74:1 «Maschil of Asaph.» O God, a why hast thou cast [us] off for ever? [why] doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?
(a) The Church of God is oppressed by the
tyranny, either of the Babylonians or of Antiochus, and prays to God by whose
hand the yoke was laid on them for their sins.
74:2 Remember thy congregation, [which] thou hast
purchased of old; the b rod of thine
inheritance, [which] thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast
(b) Which inheritance you have measured out for
yourself as with a line or rod.
74:4 Thine enemies roar in the
midst of thy congregations; they c set
up their ensigns [for] signs.
(c) They have destroyed your true religion, and
spread their banners in sign of defiance.
74:5 [A man] was famous according as he had d
lifted up axes upon the thick trees.
(d) He commends the temple for the costly matter,
the excellent workmanship and beauty of it, which nonetheless the enemies
said in their e hearts, Let us destroy
them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
(e) They encouraged one another to cruelty, that
not only God's people might be destroyed, but also his religion utterly in
all places suppressed.
74:9 We see not our signs: [there is] no more any
prophet: neither [is there] among us any that knoweth f
(f) They lamented that they had no prophet among
them to show them how long their misery would last.
74:11 Why withdrawest thou
thy hand, even thy right hand? g pluck
[it] out of thy bosom.
(g) They join their deliverance with God's
glory and power, knowing that the punishment of the enemy would be their
74:12 For God [is] my King of old, working
salvation h in the midst of the earth.
(h) Meaning in the sight of all the world.
74:13 Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength:
thou brakest the heads of the i dragons
in the waters.
(i) That is, Pharaoh's army.
74:14 Thou brakest the heads of k
leviathan in pieces, [and] gavest him [to be] l
meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
(k) Which was a great monster of the sea, or
whale, meaning Pharaoh.
(l) His destruction rejoiced them as meat
refreshes the body.
74:16 The m
day [is] thine, the night also [is] thine: thou hast prepared the light and the
(m) Seeing that God by his providence governs and
disposes all things, he gathers that he will take care chiefly for his
deliver not the soul of thy n turtledove
unto the multitude [of the wicked]: forget not the congregation of thy poor for
(n) He means the Church of God, which is exposed
as a prey to the wicked.
74:20 Have respect unto the covenant: for o
the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.
(o) That is, all places where your word does not
shine, there reigns tyranny and ambition.
74:22 Arise, O God, plead
thine p own cause: remember how the
foolish man reproacheth thee daily.
(p) He shows that God cannot permit his Church to
be oppressed unless he looses his own right.