12:1 And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and a all Israel with him.
(a) For such is the inconstancy of the people,
that for the most part they follow the vices of their governors.
12:3 With twelve hundred
chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people [were] without number
that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the b
Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
(b) Who were a people of Africa called the
Troglodytes because they lived in holes.
12:5 Then came
Shemaiah the prophet to Rehoboam, and [to] the princes of Judah, that were
gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said unto them, Thus
saith the LORD, Ye have forsaken me, and c
therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak.
(c) Signifying that no calamity can come to us
unless we forsake God, and that he never leaves us till we have cast him off.
12:6 Whereupon the princes of Israel and the
king humbled themselves; and they said, The LORD [is] d
(d) Therefore he justly punishes you for your
they shall be his servants; that they may know my e
service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.
(e) He shows that God's punishments are not to
utterly destroy his, but to chastise them, to bring them to the knowledge of
themselves, and to know how much better it is to serve God than tyrants.
And when he f humbled himself, the wrath
of the LORD turned from him, that he would not destroy [him] altogether: and
also in Judah things went well.
(f) Which declares that God does not seek the
death of a sinner, but his conversion, (Ezekiel
12:13 So king Rehoboam strengthened himself in
Jerusalem, and reigned: for Rehoboam [was] one and forty years old when he began
to reign, and he reigned g seventeen
years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of
Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name [was] Naamah an
(g) That is, twelve years after he had been
overcome by Shishak, (2 Chronicles