16:1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah a Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
(a) This was a wicked son of a godly father, as
of him again came godly Hezekiah, and of him wicked Manasseh, save that God in
the end showed him mercy. Thus we see how uncertain it is to depend on the
dignity of our fathers.
16:3 But he walked in the
way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to b
pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the
LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.
(b) That is, offered him to Molech or made him
pass between two fires, as the manner of the Gentiles was, (Leviticus
16:5 Then Rezin king of
Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and
they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome c
(c) For the Lord preserved the city and his
people for the sake of his promise made to David.
16:6 At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered
d Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews
from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.
(d) Which Azariah had taken from the Syrians and
fortified, (2 Kings
16:7 So Ahaz sent e
messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy
son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the
hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
(e) Contrary to the admonition of the prophet
16:8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was
found in the f house of the LORD, and in
the treasures of the king's house, and sent [it for] a present to the king of
(f) Thus he did not spare the temple of God from
being spoiled to gain help from men and would not once lift his heart to God
to desire his help or hear his prophet's counsel.
And Urijah the priest built an altar g
according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus: so Urijah the priest
made [it] against king Ahaz came from Damascus.
(g) We see that there is no prince so wicked that
he cannot find liars and false ministers to serve his purposes.
16:12 And when the king was come from
Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and
offered h thereon.
(h) Either offerings for peace or prosperity, or
thanksgiving as in (Leviticus
3:1) or else meaning the morning and evening offering, (Exodus
28:3) and thus he contemned the means and the altar which God had commanded
by Solomon, to serve God after his own fantasy.
16:14 And he brought
also the brasen altar, which [was] before the LORD, from the forefront of the
house, from between the altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the i
north side of the altar.
(i) That is, at the right hand, as men went into
16:15 And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the
priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering, and the
evening meat offering, and the king's burnt sacrifice, and his meat offering,
with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their meat offering,
and their drink offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt
offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: and the k
brasen altar shall be for me to enquire [by].
(k) Here he establishes by commandment his own
wicked proceedings, and abolishes the commandment and ordinance of God.
And the l covert for the sabbath that
they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he from the
house of the LORD m for the king of
(l) Or tent, in which they lay on the sabbath,
who had served their week in the temple and so departed home.
(m) Either to flatter the king of Assyria, when
he should thus see him change the ordinance of God or else that the temple
might be a refuge for him if the king should suddenly assault his house.