9:1 And God a blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.
(a) God increased them with fruit, and declared
to them his counsel as concerning the replenishing of the earth.
9:2 And the b
fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and
upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth [upon] the earth, and upon all
the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
(b) By the virtue of this commandment, beasts do
not rage as much against man as they would, yea and many serve his purposes by
9:3 Every c
moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I
given you all things.
(c) By this permission man may with a good
conscience use the creatures of God for his needs.
9:4 d But
flesh with the life thereof, [which is] the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
(d) That is, living creatures, and the flesh of
beasts that are strangled: and by this all cruelty is forbidden.
9:5 e And
surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will
I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will
I require the life of man.
(e) That is, I will take vengeance for your
9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, f
by man shall his blood be shed: for in the g
image of God made he man.
(f) Not only by the magistrate, but often God
raises up one murderer to kill another.
(g) Therefore to kill man is to deface God's
image, and so injury is not only done to man, but also to God.
9:9 And I,
behold, I establish my h covenant with
you, and with your i seed after you;
(h) To assure you that the world will never again
be destroyed by a flood.
(i) The children which are not yet born, are
comprehended in God's covenant with their fathers.
I do set my k bow in the cloud, and it
shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.
(k) By this we see that signs or ordinances
should not be separate from the word.
9:15 And I will remember my l
covenant, which [is] between me and you and every living creature of all flesh;
and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.
(l) When men see my bow in the sky, they will
know that I have not forgotten my covenant with them.
9:17 And God said unto Noah, m
This [is] the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all
flesh that [is] upon the earth.
(m) God repeats this often to confirm Noah's
faith even more.
9:19 These [are] the three sons
of Noah: and of them was the whole earth n
(n) This declares what the virtue of God's
blessing was, when he said, increase and bring forth in (Genesis
9:21 And he drank of the wine,
and was o drunken; and he was uncovered
within his tent.
(o) This is set before us to show what a horrible
thing drunkenness is.
9:22 And Ham, the father of p
Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and q
told his two brethren without.
(p) Of whom came the Canaanites that wicked
nation, who were also cursed by God.
(q) In derision and contempt of his father.
he said, r Cursed [be] Canaan; a s
servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
(r) He pronounces as a prophet the curse of God
against all those who do not honour their parents: for Ham and his posterity
(s) That is, a most vile slave.
9:27 God shall t
enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be
(t) He declares that the Gentiles, who came from
Japheth, and were separated from the Church, should be joined to the same by
the persuasion of God's Spirit, and preaching of the gospel.