8:1 And it came to pass soon afterwards, that he went about through cities and villages1, preaching and bringing the good tidings of the kingdom of God3, and with him the twelve4, FURTHER JOURNEYING ABOUT GALILEE. Luke 8:1-3
And it came to pass soon afterwards, that he went about through cities
and villages. That is, soon after his visit to the Pharisee (Luke
That he went throughout every city and village. Thus making a
thorough circuit of the region of Galilee.
Preaching and bringing the good tidings of the kingdom of God. John
had preached repentance as a preparation for the kingdom; but Jesus now
appears to have preached the kingdom itself, which was indeed to bring good
And with him the twelve. We here get a glimpse of the tireless
activities of the ministry of Christ. Journeying from place to place, he was
constantly preaching the gospel publicly to the people, and as ceaselessly
instructing his disciples privately. The twelve were now serving an
apprenticeship in that work on which he would soon send them forth alone.
From this time forth we can hardly look upon Capernaum as the home of Jesus.
From now to the end of his ministry his life was a wandering journey, and he
and his apostles sustained by the offerings of friends. The circuit of
Galilee here mentioned is peculiar to Luke.
8:2 and certain women who had been healed of
evil spirits and infirmities: Mary that was called
Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out1,
Mary that was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out.
What a change of service, from demoniac bondage to the freedom of Christ! As
to the vile slanders with which commentators have stained the good name of
Mary Magdalene, see Luke
7:37. For further mention of her, see Matthew
20:1,18. Mary's name indicates that she was a native of Magdala (Hebrew,
Migdol, that is, "watch-tower"). Of all the towns which dotted the
shores of Galilee in Christ's day, but this and Tiberias remain. It is on
the west shore of the lake, at the southeast corner of the plain of
Gennesaret, and is today a small collection of mud hovels. It still bears
the name el-Mejdel, which is probably received from the adjoining
watch-tower that guarded the entrance to the plain, the ruins of which are
still to be seen. We should note that Mary Magdalene is not classed with
restored profligates ("healed of evil spirits") but with those who
were healed of infirmities.
8:3 and Joanna the
wife of Chuzas Herod's steward1, and Susanna2,
and many others, who ministered unto them of their
Joanna the wife of Chuzas Herod's steward. Joanna is mentioned
again at Luke
24:10. Of Chuzas we know nothing more than what is stated here. There
are two Greek words for steward, "epitropos" and "oikonomos".
The first may be translated "administrator, superintendent, or
governor". It conveys the impression of an officer or higher rank. The
Jewish rabbis called Obadiah the "epitropos" of Ahab. This was the
office held by Chuzas, and its translated "treasurer" in the
Arabic version. The second word may be translated "housekeeper, or
domestic manager". It was an office usually held by some trusted slave
as a reward for his fidelity. Chuzas was no doubt a man of means and
influence. As there was no order of nobility in Galilee, and as such an
officer might be nevertheless styled a nobleman, this Chuzas was very likely
the nobleman of John
4:46. If so, the second miracle at Cana explains the devotion of Joanna
to Jesus. Herod's capital was at Sepphoris, on an elevated tableland not far
Susanna. Of Susanna there is no other record, this being enough to
And many others, who ministered unto them of their substance. The
ministration of these women shows the poverty of Christ and his apostles,
and explains how they were able to give themselves so unremittingly to the
work. Some of the apostles also may have had means enough to contribute
somewhat to the support of the company, but in any event the support was
meager enough, for Jesus was among the poorest of earth (Luke
17:24; 2 Corinthians
8:9). His reaping of carnal things was as scanty as his sowing of
spiritual things was abundant (1 Corinthians
9:11). We should note how Jesus began to remove the fetters of custom
which bound women, and to bring about a condition of universal freedom (Galatians
8:4 And when a great multitude came
together, and they of every city resorted unto him, he
spake by a parable1:
THE FIRST GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (Beside the Sea of Galilee.) A.
He spake by a parable. See Mark
8:5 The sower went
forth to sow his seed1: and as he sowed, some
fell by the way side2; and it was trodden under foot, and
the birds of the heaven devoured it.
THE FIRST GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (Beside the Sea of Galilee.) B. PARABLE OF
THE SOWER. Matthew
The sower went forth to sow his seed. See Mark
Some fell by the way side. See Mark
8:6 And other fell
on the rock1; and as soon as it grew, it withered away,
because it had no moisture.
And other fell on the rock. See Mark
8:7 And other fell
amidst the thorns1; and the thorns grew with it, and
And other fell amidst the thorns. See Mark
8:8 And other fell
into the good ground, and grew, and brought forth fruit a hundredfold1.
As he said these things, he cried2,
He that hath ears to hear, let him hear3.
And other fell into the good ground, and grew, and brought forth fruit
a hundredfold. See Mark
As he said these things, he cried. A method of emphasis rarely
employed by Jesus.
He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. See Mark
8:9 And his
disciples asked him what this parable might be1.
And his disciples asked him what this parable might be. See Mark
8:10 And he said, Unto
you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God1:
but to the rest in parables; that seeing they may not
see, and hearing they may not understand2.
Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God:
but to the rest in parables. See Mark
That seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.
8:12 And those by
the way side are they that have heard1; then cometh the
devil, and taketh away the word from their heart, that they may not believe and
And those by the way side are they that have heard, etc. See Mark
8:13 And those on
the rock [are] they1 who, when they have heard, receive
the word with joy; and these have no root, who for a while believe, and in time
of temptation fall away.
And those on the rock [are] they, etc. See Mark
8:14 And that
which fell among the thorns1, these are they that have
heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with cares and riches and
pleasures of [this] life, and bring no fruit to perfection.
And that which fell among the thorns, etc. See Mark
8:15 And that in
the good ground1, these are such as in an honest and good
heart, having heard the word, hold it fast, and bring forth fruit with patience.
And that in the good ground, etc. See Mark
8:16 And no man,
when he hath lighted a lamp, covereth it with a vessel1,
or putteth it under a bed; but putteth it on a stand, that they that enter in
may see the light.
And no man, when he hath lighted a lamp, covereth it with a vessel,
etc. A passage similar to this is found in Matthew
5:15. For notes, see Matthew
8:17 For nothing
is hid, that shall not be made manifest1; nor [anything]
secret, that shall not be known and come to light.
For nothing is hid, that shall not be made manifest. See Mark
8:18 Take heed therefore how ye hear: for
whosoever hath, to him shall be given1; and whosoever hath
not, from him shall be taken away even that which he thinketh he hath.
For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, etc. See Mark
8:19 And there
came to him his mother and brethren, and they could not come at him for the
CHRIST'S TEACHING AS TO HIS MOTHER AND BRETHREN. (Galilee, same day as the
last lesson.) Matthew
And there came to him his mother and brethren, and they could not come
at him for the crowd. See Mark
8:20 And it was
told him, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without1,
desiring to see thee.
And it was told him, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without,
desiring to see thee. See Mark
8:21 But he answered and said unto them, My
mother and my brethren are these that hear the word of God, and do it1.
My mother and my brethren are these that hear the word of God, and do
it. See Mark
8:22 Now it came to pass on one of those
days, that he entered into a boat, himself and his disciples; and he said unto
them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake1:
and they launched forth.
JESUS STILLS THE STORM (Sea of Galilee; same day as the last section.) Matthew
Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. See Mark
8:23 But as they
sailed he fell asleep1: and there
came down a storm of wind on the lake2; and they were
filling [with water], and were in jeopardy.
But as they sailed he fell asleep. Knowing his labors during the
day, we cannot wonder at this.
And there came down a storm of wind on the lake. See Mark
8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him,
saying, Master, master, we perish1.
And he awoke, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased,
and there was a calm.
Master, master, we perish. See Mark
Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water.
8:25 And he said unto them, Where
is your faith1? And being afraid they marvelled, saying
one to another, Who then is this, that he commandeth
even the winds and the water2, and they obey him?
Where is your faith? See Mark
Who then is this, that he commandeth even the winds and the water,
and they obey him? See Mark
8:26 And they arrived at the
country of the Gerasenes1, which is over against Galilee.
JESUS HEALS TWO GERGESENE DEMONIACS (Gergesa, now called Khersa.) Matthew
The country of the Gerasenes. See Mark
8:27 And when he was come forth upon the
land, there met him a certain man out of the city, who
had demons1; and for a long time he had worn no clothes,
and abode not in [any] house, but in the tombs.
A certain man out of the city, who had demons. See Mark
8:28 And when he saw Jesus, he cried out,
and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What
have I to do with thee1, Jesus, thou Son of the Most High
God? I beseech thee, torment me not2.
What have I to do with thee? On this phrase, see John
I beseech thee, torment me not. See Mark
8:29 For he was commanding the
unclean spirit1 to come out from the man. For oftentimes
it had seized him: and he was kept under guard, and bound with chains and
fetters; and breaking the bands asunder, he was driven of the demon into the
The unclean spirit. See Mark
8:30 And Jesus asked him, What is thy name?
And he said, Legion; for many demons were entered into him.
And Jesus asked him, What is thy name? And he said, Legion; for many
demons were entered into him. See Mark
8:31 And they entreated him that he would
not command them to depart into the abyss1.
Into the abyss. The abyss or bottomless pit was the proper abode of
the demons. It is mentioned nine times in Scripture: Luke
20:1,3. How these demons escaped from the abyss is one of the unsolved
mysteries of the spirit world; but we have a parallel in the releasing of
8:33 And the demons came out from the man,
and entered into the swine: and the herd rushed down
the steep into the lake, and were drowned1.
And the herd rushed down the steep into the lake, and were drowned.
8:34 And when they
that fed them1 saw what had come to pass, they fled, and
told it in the city and in the country.
They that fed them. See Mark
8:35 And they went out to see what had come
to pass; and they came to Jesus, and found the man,
from whom the demons were gone out1, sitting, clothed and
in his right mind, at the feet of Jesus: and they were afraid.
And they came to Jesus, and found the man, from whom the demons were
gone out. A faint suggestion that there was another. See Mark
8:38 But the man
from whom the demons were gone out prayed him that he might be with him1:
but he sent him away, saying,
But the man from whom the demons were gone out prayed him that he might
be with him. See Mark
8:39 Return to thy
house, and declare how great things God hath done for thee1.
And he went his way, publishing throughout the whole
city2 how great things Jesus had done for him.
Return to thy house, and declare how great things God hath done for
thee. See Mark
Throughout the whole city. Gergesa. See Matthew
8:40 And as Jesus returned, the multitude
welcomed him; for they were all waiting for him1.
For they were all waiting for him. They could see the sail of his
boat as he started back.
8:41 And behold,
there came a man named Jairus1, and he was a ruler of the
synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him to come into his
JAIRUS' DAUGHTER AND THE INVALID WOMAN. (Capernaum, same day as last.) Matthew
Behold, there came a man named Jairus, etc. See Mark
8:42 for he had an only daughter, about
twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as he went
the multitudes thronged him1.
But as he went the multitudes thronged him. See Mark
8:43 And a woman having an issue of blood
twelve years, who had spent all her living upon physicians, and could not be
healed of any,
And a woman . . . who had spent all her living upon physicians, and
could not be healed of any. See Mark
8:44 came behind
him, and touched the border of his garment1: and
immediately the issue of her blood stanched.
Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment. See Mark
8:47 And when the woman saw that she was
not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before
him1 declared in the presence of
all the people for what cause she touched him, and how she was healed
She came trembling, and falling down before him. See Mark
Declared in the presence of all the people for what cause she touched
him, and how she was healed immediately. To have permitted the woman to
depart without this exposure would have confirmed her in the mistaken notion
that Jesus healed rather by his "nature" than by his
"will". Hence he questions her, not that he may obtain
information, but rather as a means of imparting it. By his questions he
reveals to her that no work of his is wrought without his consciousness, and
that it was himself and not his garment which had blessed her.
8:48 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy
faith hath made thee whole1; go in peace.
Thy faith hath made thee whole. See Mark
8:49 While he yet spake, there cometh one
from the ruler of the synagogue's [house], saying, Thy
daughter is dead; trouble not the Teacher1.
Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Teacher. See Mark
8:50 But Jesus hearing it, answered him, Fear
not1: only believe, and she shall
be made whole2.
Fear not. See Luke
Only believe, and she shall be made whole. Thus with words of
confidence and cheer, Jesus revived the ruler's failing faith.
8:51 And when he came to the house, he
suffered not any man to enter in with him1, save Peter,
and John, and James, and the father of the maiden and her mother.
He suffered not any man to enter in with him, etc. See Mark
8:52 And all were
weeping, and bewailing her1: but he said, Weep
not; for she is not dead, but sleepeth2.
And all were weeping, and bewailing her. See Mark
Weep not; for she is not dead, but sleepeth. See Mark
8:53 And they
laughed him to scorn1, knowing that she was dead.
And they laughed him to scorn. See Mark
8:54 But he,
taking her by the hand1, called,
saying, Maiden, arise2.
But he, taking her by the hand. See Mark
Called, saying, Maiden, arise See Mark
8:55 And her spirit returned, and
she rose up immediately1: and he
commanded that [something] be given her to eat2.
And she rose up immediately. See Mark
And he commanded that [something] be given her to eat. See Mark
8:56 And her
parents were amazed1: but he
charged them to tell no man what had been done2.
And her parents were amazed. See Mark
But he charged them to tell no man what had been done. See Mark