Exodus 28-29 Revised Standard Version

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The Garments for the Priests

28 1  "Then bring near to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the people of Israel, to serve me as priests--Aaron and Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abi'hu, Elea'zar and Ith'amar. 2  And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. 3  And you shall speak to all who have ability, whom I have endowed with an able mind, that they make Aaron's garments to consecrate him for my priesthood. 4  These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a coat of checker work, a turban, and a girdle; they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons to serve me as priests. 5  "They shall receive gold, blue and purple and scarlet stuff, and fine twined linen.

6  And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet stuff, and of fine twined linen, skilfully worked. 7  It shall have two shoulder-pieces attached to its two edges, that it may be joined together. 8  And the skilfully woven band upon it, to gird it on, shall be of the same workmanship and materials, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet stuff, and fine twined linen. 9  And you shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 10  six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth. 11  As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; you shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree. 12  And you shall set the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord upon his two shoulders for remembrance. 13  And you shall make settings of gold filigree, 14  and two chains of pure gold, twisted like cords; and you shall attach the corded chains to the settings.

15  "And you shall make a breastpiece of judgment, in skilled work; like the work of the ephod you shall make it; of gold, blue and purple and scarlet stuff, and fine twined linen shall you make it. 16  It shall be square and double, a span its length and a span its breadth. 17  And you shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row; 18  and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond; 19  and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20  and the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper; they shall be set in gold filigree. 21  There shall be twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel; they shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes. 22  And you shall make for the breastpiece twisted chains like cords, of pure gold; 23  and you shall make for the breastpiece two rings of gold, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breastpiece. 24  And you shall put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece; 25  the two ends of the two cords you shall attach to the two settings of filigree, and so attach it in front to the shoulder-pieces of the ephod. 26  And you shall make two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod. 27  And you shall make two rings of gold, and attach them in front to the lower part of the two shoulder-pieces of the ephod, at its joining above the skilfully woven band of the ephod. 28  And they shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may lie upon the skilfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece shall not come loose from the ephod. 29  So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment upon his heart, when he goes into the holy place, to bring them to continual remembrance before the Lord. 30  And in the breastpiece of judgment you shall put the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goes in before the Lord; thus Aaron shall bear the judgment of the people of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually.

31  "And you shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 32  It shall have in it an opening for the head, with a woven binding around the opening, like the opening in a garment, that it may not be torn. 33  On its skirts you shall make pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet stuff, around its skirts, with bells of gold between them, 34  a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, round about on the skirts of the robe. 35  And it shall be upon Aaron when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes into the holy place before the Lord, and when he comes out, lest he die. 36  "And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, 'Holy to the Lord.' 37  And you shall fasten it on the turban by a lace of blue; it shall be on the front of the turban. 38  It shall be upon Aaron's forehead, and Aaron shall take upon himself any guilt incurred in the holy offering which the people of Israel hallow as their holy gifts; it shall always be upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord. 39  "And you shall weave the coat in checker work of fine linen, and you shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a girdle embroidered with needlework.

40  "And for Aaron's sons you shall make coats and girdles and caps; you shall make them for glory and beauty. 41  And you shall put them upon Aaron your brother, and upon his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests. 42  And you shall make for them linen breeches to cover their naked flesh; from the loins to the thighs they shall reach; 43  and they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister in the holy place; lest they bring guilt upon themselves and die. This shall be a perpetual statute for him and for his descendants after him.

The Consecration of Aaron and His Sons

29 1  "Now this is what you shall do to them to consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests. Take one young bull and two rams without blemish, 2  and unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil. You shall make them of fine wheat flour. 3  And you shall put them in one basket and bring them in the basket, and bring the bull and the two rams. 4  You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water. 5  And you shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the coat and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastpiece, and gird him with the skilfully woven band of the ephod; 6  and you shall set the turban on his head, and put the holy crown upon the turban. 7  And you shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him. 8  Then you shall bring his sons, and put coats on them, 9  and you shall gird them with girdles and bind caps on them; and the priesthood shall be theirs by a perpetual statute. Thus you shall ordain Aaron and his sons. 10  "Then you shall bring the bull before the tent of meeting. Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the bull, 11  and you shall kill the bull before the Lord, at the door of the tent of meeting, 12  and shall take part of the blood of the bull and put it upon the horns of the altar with your finger, and the rest of the blood you shall pour out at the base of the altar. 13  And you shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and burn them upon the altar. 14  But the flesh of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering. 15  "Then you shall take one of the rams, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the ram, 16  and you shall slaughter the ram, and shall take its blood and throw it against the altar round about. 17  Then you shall cut the ram into pieces, and wash its entrails and its legs, and put them with its pieces and its head, 18  and burn the whole ram upon the altar; it is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord. 19  "You shall take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the ram, 20  and you shall kill the ram, and take part of its blood and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and upon the tips of the right ears of his sons, and upon the thumbs of their right hands, and upon the great toes of their right feet, and throw the rest of the blood against the altar round about. 21  Then you shall take part of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron and his garments, and upon his sons and his sons' garments with him; and he and his garments shall be holy, and his sons and his sons' garments with him. 22  "You shall also take the fat of the ram, and the fat tail, and the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and the right thigh (for it is a ram of ordination), 23  and one loaf of bread, and one cake of bread with oil, and one wafer, out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before the Lord; 24  and you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons, and wave them for a wave offering before the Lord. 25  Then you shall take them from their hands, and burn them on the altar in addition to the burnt offering, as a pleasing odor before the Lord; it is an offering by fire to the Lord. 26  "And you shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's ordination and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be your portion. 27  And you shall consecrate the breast of the wave offering, and the thigh of the priests' portion, which is waved, and which is offered from the ram of ordination, since it is for Aaron and for his sons. 28  It shall be for Aaron and his sons as a perpetual due from the people of Israel, for it is the priests' portion to be offered by the people of Israel from their peace offerings; it is their offering to the Lord. 29  "The holy garments of Aaron shall be for his sons after him, to be anointed in them and ordained in them. 30  The son who is priest in his place shall wear them seven days, when he comes into the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place. 31  "You shall take the ram of ordination, and boil its flesh in a holy place; 32  and Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram and the bread that is in the basket, at the door of the tent of meeting. 33  They shall eat those things with which atonement was made, to ordain and consecrate them, but an outsider shall not eat of them, because they are holy. 34  And if any of the flesh for the ordination, or of the bread, remain until the morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy. 35  "Thus you shall do to Aaron and to his sons, according to all that I have commanded you; through seven days shall you ordain them, 36  and every day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement. Also you shall offer a sin offering for the altar, when you make atonement for it, and shall anoint it, to consecrate it. 37  Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar, and consecrate it, and the altar shall be most holy; whatever touches the altar shall become holy.

The Daily Offerings

38  "Now this is what you shall offer upon the altar: two lambs a year old day by day continually. 39  One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer in the evening; 40  and with the first lamb a tenth measure of fine flour mingled with a fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and a fourth of a hin of wine for a libation. 41  And the other lamb you shall offer in the evening, and shall offer with it a cereal offering and its libation, as in the morning, for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord. 42  It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak there to you. 43  There I will meet with the people of Israel, and it shall be sanctified by my glory; 44  I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; Aaron also and his sons I will consecrate, to serve me as priests. 45  And I will dwell among the people of Israel, and will be their God. 46  And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them forth out of the land of Egypt that I might dwell among them; I am the Lord their God.

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