1 Kings 3-5 Revised Standard Version

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Solomon Marries Pharaoh's Daughter

3 1  Solomon made a marriage alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt; he took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had finished building his own house and the house of the Lord and the wall around Jerusalem. 2  The people were sacrificing at the high places, however, because no house had yet been built for the name of the Lord.

Solomon's Prayer for Wisdom

3  Solomon loved the Lord, walking in the statutes of David his father; only, he sacrificed and burnt incense at the high places. 4  And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great high place; Solomon used to offer a thousand burnt offerings upon that altar.

5  At Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and God said, "Ask what I shall give you." 6  And Solomon said, "Thou hast shown great and steadfast love to thy servant David my father, because he walked before thee in faithfulness, in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart toward thee; and thou hast kept for him this great and steadfast love, and hast given him a son to sit on his throne this day. 7  And now, O Lord my God, thou hast made thy servant king in place of David my father, although I am but a little child; I do not know how to go out or come in. 8  And thy servant is in the midst of thy people whom thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered or counted for multitude. 9  Give thy servant therefore an understanding mind to govern thy people, that I may discern between good and evil; for who is able to govern this thy great people?" 10  It pleased the Lord that Solomon had asked this. 11  And God said to him, "Because you have asked this, and have not asked for yourself long life or riches or the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself understanding to discern what is right, 12  behold, I now do according to your word. Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you shall arise after you. 13  I give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your days. 14  And if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days." 15  And Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Then he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants.

Solomon's Wisdom and Prosperity

16  Then two harlots came to the king, and stood before him. 17  The one woman said, "Oh, my lord, this woman and I dwell in the same house; and I gave birth to a child while she was in the house. 18  Then on the third day after I was delivered, this woman also gave birth; and we were alone; there was no one else with us in the house, only we two were in the house. 19  And this woman's son died in the night, because she lay on it. 20  And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while your maidservant slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead son in my bosom. 21  When I rose in the morning to nurse my child, behold, it was dead; but when I looked at it closely in the morning, behold, it was not the child that I had borne." 22  But the other woman said, "No, the living child is mine, and the dead child is yours." The first said, "No, the dead child is yours, and the living child is mine." Thus they spoke before the king. 23  Then the king said, "The one says, 'This is my son that is alive, and your son is dead'; and the other says, 'No; but your son is dead, and my son is the living one.'" 24  And the king said, "Bring me a sword." So a sword was brought before the king. 25  And the king said, "Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other." 26  Then the woman whose son was alive said to the king, because her heart yearned for her son, "Oh, my lord, give her the living child, and by no means slay it." But the other said, "It shall be neither mine nor yours; divide it." 27  Then the king answered and said, "Give the living child to the first woman, and by no means slay it; she is its mother." 28  And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had rendered; and they stood in awe of the king, because they perceived that the wisdom of God was in him, to render justice.

4 1  King Solomon was king over all Israel, 2  and these were his high officials: Azari'ah the son of Zadok was the priest; 3  Elihor'eph and Ahi'jah the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehosh'aphat the son of Ahi'lud was recorder; 4  Benai'ah the son of Jehoi'ada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abi'athar were priests; 5  Azari'ah the son of Nathan was over the officers; Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king's friend; 6  Ahi'shar was in charge of the palace; and Adoni'ram the son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor. 7  Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household; each man had to make provision for one month in the year. 8  These were their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of E'phraim; 9  Ben-deker, in Makaz, Sha-al'bim, Beth-she'mesh, and E'lonbeth-ha'nan; 10  Ben-hesed, in Arub'both (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher); 11  Ben-abin'adab, in all Naphath-dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as his wife); 12  Ba'ana the son of Ahi'lud, in Ta'anach, Megid'do, and all Beth-she'an which is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, and from Beth-she'an to A'bel-meho'lah, as far as the other side of Jok'meam; 13  Ben-geber, in Ra'moth-gil'ead (he had the villages of Ja'ir the son of Manas'seh, which are in Gilead, and he had the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars); 14  Ahin'adab the son of Iddo, in Mahana'im; 15  Ahi'ma-az, in Naph'tali (he had taken Bas'emath the daughter of Solomon as his wife); 16  Ba'ana the son of Hushai, in Asher and Bealoth; 17  Jehosh'aphat the son of Paru'ah, in Is'sachar; 18  Shim'e-i the son of Ela, in Benjamin; 19  Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan. And there was one officer in the land of Judah.

20  Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea; they ate and drank and were happy. 21  Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the Euphra'tes to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life. 22  Solomon's provision for one day was thirty cors of fine flour, and sixty cors of meal, 23  ten fat oxen, and twenty pasture-fed cattle, a hundred sheep, besides harts, gazelles, roebucks, and fatted fowl. 24  For he had dominion over all the region west of the Euphra'tes from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kings west of the Euphra'tes; and he had peace on all sides round about him. 25  And Judah and Israel dwelt in safety, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, all the days of Solomon. 26  Solomon also had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. 27  And those officers supplied provisions for King Solomon, and for all who came to King Solomon's table, each one in his month; they let nothing be lacking. 28  Barley also and straw for the horses and swift steeds they brought to the place where it was required, each according to his charge.

29  And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and largeness of mind like the sand on the seashore, 30  so that Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east, and all the wisdom of Egypt. 31  For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ez'rahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was in all the nations round about. 32  He also uttered three thousand proverbs; and his songs were a thousand and five. 33  He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the wall; he spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish. 34  And men came from all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.

Solomon's Agreement with King Hiram

5 1  Now Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father; for Hiram always loved David. 2  And Solomon sent word to Hiram, 3  "You know that David my father could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet. 4  But now the Lord my God has given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary nor misfortune. 5  And so I purpose to build a house for the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord said to David my father, 'Your son, whom I will set upon your throne in your place, shall build the house for my name.' 6  Now therefore command that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me; and my servants will join your servants, and I will pay you for your servants such wages as you set; for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sido'nians." 7  When Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly, and said, "Blessed be the Lord this day, who has given to David a wise son to be over this great people." 8  And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard the message which you have sent to me; I am ready to do all you desire in the matter of cedar and cypress timber. 9  My servants shall bring it down to the sea from Lebanon; and I will make it into rafts to go by sea to the place you direct, and I will have them broken up there, and you shall receive it; and you shall meet my wishes by providing food for my household."

10  So Hiram supplied Solomon with all the timber of cedar and cypress that he desired, 11  while Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand cors of wheat as food for his household, and twenty thousand cors of beaten oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year by year. 12  And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and the two of them made a treaty. 13  King Solomon raised a levy of forced labor out of all Israel; and the levy numbered thirty thousand men. 14  And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month in relays; they would be a month in Lebanon and two months at home; Adoni'ram was in charge of the levy. 15  Solomon also had seventy thousand burden-bearers and eighty thousand hewers of stone in the hill country, 16  besides Solomon's three thousand three hundred chief officers who were over the work, who had charge of the people who carried on the work. 17  At the king's command, they quarried out great, costly stones in order to lay the foundation of the house with dressed stones. 18  So Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and the men of Gebal did the hewing and prepared the timber and the stone to build the house.

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