1 Chronicles 23-25 The Message Bible

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23 1  When David got to be an old man, he made his son Solomon king over Israel.

The Divisions and Duties of the Levites

2  At the same time he brought together all the leaders of Israel, the priests, and the Levites. 3  The Levites thirty years and older were counted; the total was 38,000. 4  David sorted them into work groups: "24,000 are in charge of administering worship in the sanctuary; 6,000 are officials and judges 5  4,000 are security guards; and 4,000 are to serve in the orchestra, praising God with instruments that I have provided for praise." 6  David then divided the Levites into groupings named after the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 7  The Gershonites: Ladan and Shimei. 8  The three sons of Ladan: Jehiel, Zetham, and Joel. 9  The three sons of Shimei: Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran, all heads of the families of Ladan. 10  The four sons of Shimei: Jahath, Ziza, Jeush, and Beriah. 11  Jahath came first, followed by Ziza. Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons so they were counted as one family with one task. 12  The four sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. 13  The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses. Aaron was especially ordained to work in the Holy of Holies, to burn incense before God, to serve God and bless his Name always. This was a permanent appointment for Aaron and his sons. 14  Moses and his sons were counted in the tribe of Levi 15  The sons of Moses: Gershom and Eliezer. 16  Shubael was the first son of Gershom. 17  Rehabiah was the first and only son of Eliezer; but though Eliezer had no other sons, Rehabiah had many sons. 18  Shelomith was the first son of Izhar. 19  Hebron had four sons: Jeriah, Amariah, Jahaziel, and Jekameam 20  Uzziel had two sons: Micah and Isshiah. 21  The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar and Kish 22  Eleazar died without any sons, only daughters. Their cousins, the sons of Kish, married the daughters. 23  Mushi had three sons: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

24  These are the sons of Levi twenty years and older, divided up according to families and heads of families and listed in the work groups that took care of the worship in the sanctuary of God. 25  David said, "Now that the God of Israel has given rest to his people and made Jerusalem his permanent home, 26  the Levites no longer have to carry the Tabernacle and all the furniture required for the work of worship." 27  These last words of David referred only to Levites twenty years old and above. 28  From now on the assigned work of the Levites was to assist Aaron's sons in the work of worship in God's house: maintain courtyards and closets, keep the furniture and utensils of worship clean, take care of any extra work needed in the work of worship, 29  and provide bread for the table and flour for the Meal Offerings and the unraised wafers - all baking and mixing, all measuring and weighing. 30  Also they were to be present for morning prayers, thanking and praising God, for evening prayers, 31  and at the service of Whole-Burnt-Offerings to God on Sabbath, at New Moons, and at all festivals. They were on regular duty to serve God according to their assignment and the required number. 32  In short, the Levites, with the sons of Aaron as their companions in the ministry of holy worship, were responsible for everything that had to do with worship: the place and times and ordering of worship.

24 1  The family of Aaron was grouped as follows: Aaron's sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2  Nadab and Abihu died before their father and left no sons. So Eleazar and Ithamar filled the office of priest. 3  David assigned Zadok from the family of Eleazar and Ahimelech from the family of Ithamar and assigned them to separate divisions for carrying out their appointed ministries. 4  It turned out that there were more leaders in Eleazar's family than in Ithamar's and so they divided them proportionately: sixteen clan leaders from Eleazar's family and eight clan leaders from Ithamar's family. 5  They assigned the leaders by lot, treating both families alike, for there were officials of the sanctuary and officials of God among both the Eleazar and Ithamar families. 6  The secretary Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, wrote down their names in the presence of the king, the officials, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the leaders of the priestly and Levitical families. They took turns: One family was selected from Eleazar and then one from Ithamar. 7  The first lot fell to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah, 8  the third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim, 9  the fifth to Malkijah, the sixth to Mijamin, 10  the seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah, 11  the ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah, 12  the eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim, 13  the thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Jeshebeab, 14  the fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer, 15  the seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Happizzez, 16  the nineteenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezkel, 17  the twenty-first to Jakin, the twenty-second to Gamul, 18  the twenty-third to Delaiah, and the twenty-fourth to Maaziah. 19  They served in this appointed order when they entered The Temple of God, following the procedures laid down by their ancestor Aaron as God, the God of Israel, had commanded him.

20  The rest of the Levites are as follows: From the sons of Amram: Shubael; from the sons of Shubael: Jehdeiah. 21  Concerning Rehabiah: from his sons, Isshiah was the first. 22  From the Izharites: Shelomoth; from the sons of Shelomoth: Jahath. 23  The sons of Hebron: Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth. 24  The son of Uzziel: Micah, and from the sons of Micah: Shamir. 25  The brother of Micah was Isshiah, and from the sons of Isshiah: Zechariah. 26  The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The son of Jaaziah: Beno. 27  The sons of Merari from Jaaziah: Beno, Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri. 28  From Mahli: Eleazar, who had no sons. 29  From Kish: Jerahmeel, the son of Kish. 30  And from the sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth. 31  They also cast lots, the same as their kindred the sons of Aaron had done, in the presence of David the king, Zadok, Ahimelech, and the leaders of the priestly and Levitical families. The families of the oldest and youngest brothers were treated the same.

The Divisions of the Musicians

25 1  Next David and the worship leaders selected some from the family of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun for special service in preaching and music. Here is the roster of names and assignments: 2  From the family of Asaph: Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah; they were supervised by Asaph, who spoke for God backed up by the king's authority. 3  From the family of Jeduthun there were six sons: Gedaliah, Zeri, Jeshaiah, Shimei, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah; they were supervised by their father Jeduthun, who preached and accompanied himself with the zither - he was responsible for leading the thanks and praise to God. 4  From the family of Heman: Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shubael, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-Ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth. 5  These were the sons of Heman the king's seer; they supported and assisted him in his divinely appointed work. God gave Heman fourteen sons and three daughters. 6  Under their father's supervision they were in charge of leading the singing and providing musical accompaniment in the work of worship in the sanctuary of God (Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman took their orders directly from the king). 7  They were well-trained in the sacred music, all of them masters. There were 288 of them.

8  They drew names at random to see who would do what. Nobody, whether young or old, teacher or student, was given preference or advantage over another. 9  The first name from Asaph's family was Joseph and his twelve sons and brothers; second, Gedaliah and his twelve sons and brothers; 10  third, Zaccur and his twelve sons and brothers; 11  fourth, Izri and his twelve sons and brothers; 12  fifth, Nethaniah and his twelve sons and brothers; 13  sixth, Bukkiah and his twelve sons and brothers; 14  seventh, Jesarelah and his twelve sons and brothers; 15  eighth, Jeshaiah and his twelve sons and brothers; 16  ninth, Mattaniah and his twelve sons and brothers; 17  tenth, Shimei and his twelve sons and brothers; 18  eleventh, Azarel and his twelve sons and brothers; 19  twelfth, Hashabiah and his twelve sons and brothers; 20  thirteenth, Shubael and his twelve sons and brothers; 21  fourteenth, Mattithiah and his twelve sons and brothers; 22  fifteenth, Jerimoth and his twelve sons and brothers; 23  sixteenth, Hananiah and his twelve sons and brothers; 24  seventeenth, Joshbekashah and his twelve sons and brothers; 25  eighteenth, Hanani and his twelve sons and brothers; 26  nineteenth, Mallothi and his twelve sons and brothers; 27  twentieth, Eliathah and his twelve sons and brothers; 28  twenty-first, Hothir and his twelve sons and brothers; 29  twenty-second, Giddalti and his twelve sons and brothers; 30  twenty-third, Mahazioth and his twelve sons and brothers; 31  twenty-fourth, Romamti-Ezer and his twelve sons and brothers.

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