Exodus 22-24 Darby’s Translation

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Laws concerning Restitution

22 1  If a man steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall restore five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the sheep. 2  If the thief be encountered breaking in, and be smitten so that he die, there shall be no blood-guiltiness for him. 3  If the sun be risen on him, there shall be blood-guiltiness for him; he should have made full restitution: if he had nothing, he would have been sold for his theft. 4  If the stolen thing be actually found alive in his hand, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall restore double. 5  If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and put in his cattle, and pasture in another man's field, of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard shall he make [it] good. 6  —If fire break out, and seize the thorns, and the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field be consumed, he that kindled the fire shall fully make it good.

7  —If a man deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him restore double; 8  if the thief be not found, the master of the house shall be brought before the judges, [to see] if he has not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. 9  As to all manner of fraud,—as to ox, as to ass, as to sheep, as to clothing, as to everything lost, of which [a man] saith, It is this—the cause of both parties shall come before the judges: he whom the judges shall condemn shall restore double to his neighbour. 10  If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any cattle, to keep, and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, and no man see [it], 11  an oath of Jehovah shall be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept it, and he shall not make [it] good. 12  But if it have been stolen from him, he shall make [it] good unto its owner. 13  If it have been torn in pieces, let him bring it [as] witness: he shall not make good what was torn. 14  —And if a man borrow anything of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, its owner not being with it, he shall fully make it good; 15  if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make [it] good; if it be a hired [thing], it came for its hire.

Laws of Human Relations

16  And if a man seduce a virgin that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall certainly endow her, to be his wife. 17  If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall weigh money according to the dowry of virgins. 18  —Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. 19  —Every one that lieth with a beast shall certainly be put to death. 20  —He that sacrificeth to [any] god, save to Jehovah only, shall be devoted to destruction. 21  Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him; for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt. 22  Ye shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. 23  If thou afflict him in any way, if he cry at all unto me, I will certainly hear his cry; 24  and my anger shall burn, and I will slay you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

25  —If thou lend money to my people, the poor with thee,thou shalt not be to him as a usurer: ye shall charge him no interest. 26  —If thou at all take thy neighbour's garment in pledge, thou shalt return it to him before the sun goes down; 27  for that is his only covering, his garment for his skin: on what shall he lie down? And it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious. 28  Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse a prince amongst thy people. 29  —Thou shalt not delay the fulness of thy [threshing-floor] and the outflow of thy [winepress]. The firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me. 30  Likewise shalt thou do with thy calf, with thy sheep: seven days shall it be with its dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me. 31  —And ye shall be holy men unto me; and ye shall not eat flesh torn in the field: ye shall cast it to the dog.

23 1  Thou shalt not accept a false report; extend not thy hand to the wicked, to be an unrighteous witness. 2  Thou shalt not follow the multitude for evil; neither shalt thou answer in a cause, to go after the multitude to pervert [judgment]. 3  Neither shalt thou favour a poor man in his cause. 4  —If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt certainly bring it back to him. 5  If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under its burden, beware of leaving [it] to him: thou shalt certainly loosen [it] with him. 6  Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of thy poor in his cause. 7  Thou shalt keep far from the cause of falsehood; and the innocent and righteous slay not; for I will not justify the wicked. 8  And thou shalt take no bribe; for the bribe blindeth those whose eyes are open, and perverteth the words of the righteous. 9  And the stranger thou shalt not oppress; for ye know the spirit of the stranger, for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt.

10  And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and gather in its produce; 11  but in the seventh thou shalt let it rest and lie [fallow], that the poor of thy people may eat [of it]; and what they leave, the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thine olive-tree. 12  —Six days thou shalt do thy work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest; that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger may be refreshed. 13  And ye shall be on your guard as to everything that I have said unto you; and shall make no mention of the name of other gods—it shall not be heard in thy mouth.

The Three Appointed Feasts

14  Thrice in the year thou shalt celebrate a feast to me. 15  Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread, (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I have commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt; and none shall appear in my presence empty;) 16  and the feast of harvest, the first-fruits of thy labours which thou hast sown in the field, and the feast of in-gathering, at the end of the year, when thou gatherest in thy labours out of the field. 17  Three times in the year all thy males shall appear in the presence of the Lord Jehovah. 18  Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my feast remain all night until the morning. 19  The first of the first-fruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of Jehovah thy God. Thou shalt not boil a kid in its mother's milk.

The LORD's Angel Sent to Lead Israel

20  Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee to the place that I have prepared. 21  Be careful in his presence, and hearken unto his voice: do not provoke him, for he will not forgive your transgressions; for my name is in him. 22  But if thou shalt diligently hearken unto his voice, and do all that I shall say, then I will be an enemy to thine enemies, and an adversary to thine adversaries. 23  For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will cut them off. 24  Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their deeds; but thou shalt utterly destroy them, and utterly shatter their statues. 25  And ye shall serve Jehovah your God; and he shall bless thy bread and thy water; and I will take sickness away from thy midst. 26  There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in thy land; the number of thy days will I fulfil. 27  I will send my fear before thee, and confound every people to which thou comest, and will make all thine enemies turn their back to thee. 28  And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee. 29  I will not drive them out from before thee in one year: lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. 30  By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou art fruitful, and possess the land. 31  And I will set thy bounds from the Red Sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness unto the river; for I will give the inhabitants of the land into your hand, that thou mayest dispossess them from before thee. 32  Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. 33  They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me; for if thou serve their gods, it is sure to be a snare unto thee.

Moses and the Elders on Mount Sinai

24 1  And he said to Moses, Go up to Jehovah, thou and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship afar off. 2  And let Moses alone come near Jehovah; but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go up with him. 3  And Moses came and told the people all the words of Jehovah, and all the judgments; and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words that Jehovah has said will we do! 4  And Moses wrote all the words of Jehovah, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar under the mountain, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5  And he sent the youths of the children of Israel, and they offered up burnt-offerings, and sacrificed sacrifices of peace-offering of bullocks to Jehovah. 6  And Moses took half the blood, and put [it] in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7  And he took the book of the covenant, and read [it] in the ears of the people; and they said, All that Jehovah has said will we do, and obey! 8  And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled [it] on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant that Jehovah has made with you concerning all these words.

9  And Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up; 10  and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were work of transparent sapphire, and as it were the form of heaven for clearness. 11  And on the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: they saw God, and ate and drank.

12  And Jehovah said to Moses, Come up to me into the mountain, and be there; and I will give thee the tables of stone, and the law, and the commandment that I have written, for their instruction. 13  And Moses rose up, and Joshua his attendant; and Moses went up to the mountain of God. 14  And he said to the elders, Wait here for us, until we return to you; and behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matter, let him come before them. 15  And Moses went up to the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. 16  And the glory of Jehovah abode on mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days; and on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17  And the appearance of the glory of Jehovah was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain, before the eyes of the children of Israel. 18  And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and ascended the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

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