Exodus 19-21 Darby’s Translation

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Israel at Mount Sinai

19 1  In the third month after the departure of the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they [into] the wilderness of Sinai: 2  they departed from Rephidim, and came [into] the wilderness of Sinai, and encamped in the wilderness; and Israel encamped there before the mountain. 3  And Moses went up to God, and Jehovah called to him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 4  Ye have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, and [how] I have borne you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. 5  And now, if ye will hearken to my voice indeed and keep my covenant, then shall ye be my own possession out of all the peoples—for all the earth is mine— 6  and ye shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak to the children of Israel. 7  And Moses came and called the elders of the people, and laid before the mall these words which Jehovah had commanded him. 8  And all the people answered together, and said, All that Jehovah has spoken will we do! And Moses brought the words of the people back to Jehovah.

9  And Jehovah said to Moses, Lo, I will come to thee in the cloud's thick darkness, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee also for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to Jehovah. 10  And Jehovah said to Moses, Go to the people, and hallow them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their clothes; 11  and let them be ready for the third day; for on the third day Jehovah will come down before the eyes of all the people on mount Sinai. 12  And set bounds round about the people, saying, Take heed to yourselves, [not] to go up unto the mountain nor touch the border of it: whatever toucheth the mountain shall certainly be put to death: 13  not a hand shall touch it, but it shall certainly be stoned, or shot through; whether it be a beast or a man, it shall not live. When the long drawn note of the trumpet soundeth, they shall come up to the mountain. 14  And Moses came down from the mountain to the people, and hallowed the people; and they washed their clothes. 15  And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day; do not come near [your] wives.

16  And it came to pass on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings and a heavy cloud on the mountain, and the sound of the trumpet exceeding loud; and the whole people that was in the camp trembled. 17  And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18  And the whole of mount Sinai smoked, because Jehovah descended on it in fire; and its smoke ascended as the smoke of a furnace; and the whole mountain shook greatly. 19  And the sound of the trumpet increased and became exceeding loud; Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice. 20  And Jehovah came down on mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain; and Jehovah called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. 21  And Jehovah said to Moses, Go down, testify to the people that they break not through to Jehovah to gaze, and many of them perish. 22  And the priests also, who come near to Jehovah, shall hallow themselves, lest Jehovah break forth on them. 23  And Moses said to Jehovah, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai; for thou hast testified to us, saying, Set bounds about the mountain, and hallow it. 24  And Jehovah said to him, Go, descend, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee; but the priests and the people shall not break through to go up to Jehovah, lest he break forth on them. 25  So Moses went down to the people, and told them.

The Ten Commandments

20 1  And God spoke all these words, saying, 2  I am Jehovah thy God, who have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3  Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4  Thou shalt not make thyself any graven image, or any form of what is in the heavens above, or what is in the earth beneath, or what is in the waters under the earth: 5  thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I, Jehovah thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and to the fourth [generation] of them that hate me, 6  and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. 7  Thou shalt not idly utter the name of Jehovah thy God; for Jehovah will not hold him guiltless that idly uttereth his name. 8  Remember the sabbath day to hallow it. 9  Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work; 10  but the seventh day is the sabbath of Jehovah thy God: thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy bondman, nor thy handmaid, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. 11  For in six days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore Jehovah blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

12  Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be prolonged in the land that Jehovah thy God giveth thee. 13  Thou shalt not kill. 14  Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15  Thou shalt not steal. 16  Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17  Thou shalt not desire thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not desire thy neighbour's wife, nor his bondman, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's.

The People's Fear

18  And all the people saw the thunderings, and the flames, and the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw [it], they trembled, and stood afar off, 19  and said to Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 20  And Moses said to the people, Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before you, that ye sin not. 21  And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the obscurity where God was.

22  And Jehovah said to Moses, Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: Ye have seen that I have spoken with you from the heavens. 23  Ye shall not make beside me gods of silver, and ye shall not make to you gods of gold. 24  An altar of earth shalt thou make unto me, and shalt sacrifice on it thy burnt-offerings, and thy peace-offerings, thy sheep and thine oxen: in all places where I shall make my name to be remembered, I will come unto thee, and bless thee. 25  And if thou make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone; for if thou lift up thy sharp tool upon it, thou hast profaned it. 26  Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

The Treatment of Servants

21 1  And these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. 2  If thou buy a Hebrew bondman, six years shall he serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3  If he came in alone, he shall go out alone: if he had a wife, then his wife shall go out with him. 4  If his master have given him a wife, and she have borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out alone. 5  But if the bondman shall say distinctly, I love my master, my wife, and my children, I will not go free; 6  then his master shall bring him before the judges, and shall bring him to the door, or to the door-post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall be his bondman for ever. 7  And if a man shall sell his daughter as a handmaid, she shall not go out as the bondmen go out. 8  If she is unacceptable in the eyes of her master, who had taken her for himself, then shall he let her be ransomed: to sell her unto a foreign people he hath no power, after having dealt unfaithfully with her. 9  And if he have appointed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the law of daughters. 10  If he take himself another, her food, her clothing, and her conjugal rights he shall not diminish. 11  And if he do not these three things unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

Laws concerning Acts of Violence

12  He that striketh a man, so that he die, shall certainly be put to death. 13  But if he have not lain in wait, and God have delivered [him] into his hand, I will appoint thee a place to which he shall flee. 14  But if a man act wantonly toward his neighbour, and slay him with guile, thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die. 15  And he that striketh his father, or his mother, shall certainly be put to death. 16  And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall certainly be put to death. 17  And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall certainly be put to death. 18  And if men dispute, and one strike the other with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but take to [his] bed, 19  —if he rise, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that struck [him] be guiltless; only he shall pay [for] the loss of his time, and shall cause [him] to be thoroughly healed. 20  And if a man strike his bondman or his handmaid with a staff, and he die under his hand, he shall certainly be avenged. 21  Only, if he continue [to live] a day or two days, he shall not be avenged; for he is his money.

22  And if men strive together, and strike a woman with child, so that she be delivered, and no mischief happen, he shall in any case be fined, according as the woman's husband shall impose on him, and shall give it as the judges estimate. 23  But if mischief happen, then thou shalt give life for life, 24  eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25  branding for branding, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

Laws concerning Responsibility of Owners

26  And if a man strike the eye of his bondman or the eye of his handmaid, and it be marred, he shall let him go for his eye. 27  And if he knock out his bondman's tooth or his handmaid's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth. 28  And if an ox gore a man or a woman, so that they die, then the ox shall certainly be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be guiltless. 29  But if the ox have gored heretofore, and it have been testified to its owner, and he have not kept it in, and it kill a man or a woman,—the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death. 30  If there be imposed on him a satisfaction, then he shall give the ransom of his life, according to what is imposed on him. 31  Whether it gore a son or gore a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done to him. 32  If the ox gore a bondman or a handmaid, he shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. 33  —And if a man open a pit, or if a man dig a pit, and do not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall into it, 34  the owner of the pit shall make it good, shall give money to the owner of them; and the dead [ox] shall be his. 35  —And if one man's ox gore his neighbour's ox, and it die, then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money thereof, and divide the dead also. 36  Or if it be known that the ox have gored heretofore, and its owner have not kept him in, he shall in any case restore ox for ox; and the dead shall be his.

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