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Did Jesus Work Miracles as a Child?

Islamic tradition describes Jesus as a miracle worker even in His youth. Is this true? Where did this information originate, and can we trust it?
Author, Cold-Case Christianity
Updated Aug 29, 2022
Did Jesus Work Miracles as a Child?

Ever wonder if Jesus performed miracles as a young boy? There is an Islamic tradition related to the childhood of Jesus that seems to confirm Jesus’ miraculous display of power, even at a very young age. The Quran describes Jesus as a miracle working boy who was able to create birds from clay and raise the dead to life:

Then will Allah say: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! thou bringest forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic.' (Qur'an, Surah 005.110)

Where did the Quran get this information about Jesus? It seems to come from a single pseudepigraphical gospel called the Infancy Gospel of Thomas. This ancient text is attributed to an author named “Thomas the Israelite” and it provides a number of stories related to the miraculous childhood of Jesus, chronicling the years missing in the canonical gospel of Luke. The Infancy Gospel of Thomas describes Jesus performing the very miracles mentioned in the Quran, along with additional mischievous (sometimes mean-spirited) supernatural acts. The pseudepigraphical gospel was popular in North African Coptic Christian communities and would certainly have been familiar to the author of Surah 5. For this reason, the Infancy Gospel of Thomas is most reasonably the source for the material in the Quran.

But there are many reasons to reject this portrayal of Jesus’ childhood. The Infancy Gospel was written well after the canonical Gospels (150-185AD) and the author seems unfamiliar with the Jewish life and customs of the 1st century. The text also presupposes the Gospel of Luke and must, therefore, have been written after Luke’s text was distributed and well known; the author is dependent upon Luke for his information related to the life of Jesus, the Sabbath and the Passover. It also appears that the early Church Fathers were aware of this late gospel and identified it as errant. Irenaeus appears to refer to it and includes it in his list of unreliable non-canonical documents described in “Against Heresies” (180AD). Hippolytus and Origen also refer to a Gospel of Thomas in their respective lists of heretical books (although it is unknown if they are referring to this text or the “sayings” Gospel of Thomas).

But there’s an even better reason to reject the claims of the Infancy Gospel of Thomas: They are in contradiction to the clear teaching of the reliable accounts from Luke and John. There is more than enough reason to trust the historicity of the canonical Gospels (I’ve described this evidence in depth in Cold-Case Christianity) and these trustworthy accounts directly contradict the claims of the Infancy Gospel. Luke, in the 4th chapter of his Gospel, describes the inhabitants of Nazareth responding in shock to Jesus’ initial messianic teaching. They seemed wholly unfamiliar that Jesus could be anything more than a common son of a carpenter. The Infancy Gospel of Thomas, however, describes Jesus as a brilliant child who performed a number of public miracles in Nazareth. Perhaps more importantly, John specifically tells us that Jesus first public “sign” (miracle) was performed at the wedding in Cana when Jesus turned water into wine (John 2:1-11). While the Infancy Gospel and the Quran claim that Jesus showed people “the clear Signs” throughout his childhood years, the reliable eyewitnesses accounts describe something very different.

The best and most reasonable inference from the ancient historical record related to Jesus is that He waited until his public ministry (as an adult) to reveal His power to His disciples and the world He came to save. Jesus did not perform miracles as a child.

J. Warner Wallace is a Cold-Case Detective, a Christian Case Maker at Stand to Reason, and the author of Cold-Case Christianity

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