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What is heaven? And what is heaven like? These are common questions. With many different answers. But what does the Bible itself have to say about heaven?
Definition of Heaven
In the Old Testament the Hebrew word šāmayim is the primary word translated as heaven. The NIV Word Study Dictionary defines this word as “region above the earth: the heavens: place of the stars, sky, air; heaven: the invisible realm of God.” As you can see, it has a variety of usages.
In the New Testament, the Greek word ouranos is the primary word translated as heaven. This word is defined as “sky, air, firmament, any area above the earth; heaven(s), the place of sun, moon, and stars; heaven, in which God dwells.” Like šāmayim, this word is used in a variety of ways.
Both of these words refer to the physical realm that we live in. But they also refer to the supernatural realm of God. I suspect that is because there was not a clear distinction between the two in the Hebrew mind. The sky is ‘up there.’ But God’s throne is also ‘up there,’ beyond the stars (
The Biblical Three-Level View of Heaven
There is no description of how the Hebrews viewed the heaven in the Scripture. But from the way the term is used, it appears like they divided heaven into three regions. The air the birds flew in; the realm of the sun, moon, and stars; and God’s dwelling place.
Heaven as the Dwelling of God
For the ancients, the third level of heaven was the dwelling place of God, or the gods. This third level of heaven is beyond the sun, moon, and stars. While eventually it came to be thought of as a spiritual place, it was still ‘up there,’ higher than the other heavens.
The Kingdom of Heaven: Present Day Reality
Jesus came proclaiming the coming of the kingdom. Matthew calls it the Kingdom of Heaven. It is a spiritual kingdom that Christ rules over. A kingdom that includes all the redeemed. While this kingdom has eschatological ramifications, it is a kingdom with present day reality.
This kingdom that Jesus proclaims reflects a dramatic shift in thought. The coming kingdom had been envisioned as a physical earthly kingdom centered on Jerusalem. But the kingdom Jesus proclaims was a spiritual kingdom without an earthly center.
Heaven in the Bible
Even though heaven is in some sense a present reality that we are experiencing, there is more to come. As believers we look forward to life beyond this earth and in the fragile tents in which we currently dwell (
Unfortunately, the Scripture does not give us a lot of information about what awaits us. But there are a few things we know about heaven.
We know that we will experience it with transformed bodies (
1 Corinthians 15:35-57), not as disembodied spirits.
That we will in some way be like Christ (
1 John 3:2-3), and in some way we will be like the angels ( Matthew 22:30).
The pains of this life will be left behind (
Believers from every nation will praise God together (
We will be with the Lord forever (
1 Thessalonians 4:17), and we will share in the glory of Christ ( Rom. 8:17).
But what heaven itself is like is unknown.
Heaven as the New Earth for Believers
This chapter in Revelation is similar in many ways to the description of Eden, the initial home of humanity. It seems like our end is a return to our beginnings, to what we were created to be in the first place.
If this view of
Common Misconceptions about Heaven
1. Many Mansions
There are a couple of passages that are, at least in popular thought, considered to be descriptive of heaven. In
2. Streets of Gold and Gates of Pearls
Another passage frequently used to describe heaven comes from the 21st and 22nd chapters of Revelation. These chapters describe an immense city with streets of gold and gates of pearls. But if you look at
The Pearly Gates would also seem come out of this passage in Revelation. The New Jerusalem, the bride of Christ, is described as having gates of pearls with the names of the 12 tribes written on them. But, again, this is descriptive of the bride of Christ rather than heaven.
What Is Heaven?
Heaven is a very common term in the Bible. You will find it used for the sky; for the space beyond our atmosphere; and for God’s dwelling place. Jesus frequently talks about the Kingdom of Heaven as a present reality with a future final fulfillment. And heaven is frequently associated with the home of believers when we leave this life. A home in Christ, in the presence of God.
But that ‘home in heaven’ that we look forward to is not described in the pages of Scripture. It is beyond our ability to grasp. But whether our ultimate destiny is in heaven, or in a recreated heaven and earth, it will be glorious beyond the ability of words to describe.
Ed Jarrett is a long time follower of Jesus and a member of Sylvan Way Baptist Church. He has been a Bible teacher for over 40 years and regularly blogs at A Clay Jar. You can also follow him on Twitteror Facebook. Ed is married, the father of two, and grandfather of two lovely girls. He is retired and currently enjoys his gardens and backpacking.
Photo Credit: Unsplash/Chetan Menaria