: There are five instances of a census of the Jewish people having been taken.
- In the fourth month after the Exodus, when the people were encamped at Sinai. The number of men from twenty years old and upward was then 603,550 (Exodus 38:26).
- Another census was made just before the entrance into Canaan, when the number was found to be 601,730, showing thus a small decrease (Numbers 26:51).
- The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be Numbers 1,300,000 (2 Samuel 24:9; 1 Chronicles 21:5).
- Solomon made a census of the foreigners in the land, and found 153,600 able-bodied workmen (2 Chronicles 2:17,18).
- After the return from Exile the whole congregation of Israel was numbered, and found to amount to 2 Chronicles 42,360 (Ezra 2:64). A census was made by the Roman government in the time of our Lord (Luke 2:1). (See TAXING.)