Easton’s Bible Dictionary

Praetorium : The Greek word (praitorion) thus rendered in Mark 15:16 is rendered "common hall" (Matthew 27:27, marg., "governor's house"), "judgment hall," (John 18:28,33, marg., "Pilate's house", 19:9; Acts 23:35), "palace" (Philippians 1:13). This is properly a military word. It denotes

  1. the general's tent or headquarters;
  2. the governor's residence, as in Acts 23:35 (R.V., "palace"); and
  3. the praetorian guard (See PALACE or the camp or quarters of the praetorian cohorts (Acts 28:16), the imperial guards in immediate attendance on the emperor, who was "praetor" or commander-in-chief.
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